A healthy diet and keeping active will help you manage your blood sugar level. It will also help you to control your weight and generally feel better.

You can eat many types of foods

There's nothing you can't eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but you'll have to limit certain foods.

You should:

  • eat a wide range of foods – including fruit, vegetables and some starchy foods like pasta
  • keep sugar, fat and salt to a minimum
  • eat breakfast, lunch and dinner every day – don't skip meals

If you need to change your diet, it might be easier to make small changes every week.

Information about food can be found on these diabetes sites:

Important

You should go for a regular diabetes check-up once a year to make sure your blood pressure and cholesterol (blood fats) are OK.

Help with changing your diet

If you find it hard to change your diet, a dietitian might be able to help.

Talk to your GP or diabetes nurse to see if the cost could be covered through the NHS.

Being active lowers your blood sugar level

Physical exercise helps lower your blood sugar level. You should aim for 2.5 hours of activity a week.

You can be active anywhere so long as what you're doing gets you out of breath. This could be:

  • fast walking
  • climbing stairs
  • doing more strenuous housework or gardening

The charity Diabetes UK has tips on how to get active.

Your weight is important

Losing weight (if you're overweight) will make it easier for your body to lower your blood sugar level, and can improve your blood pressure and cholesterol.

To know whether you're overweight, work out your body mass index (BMI).

If you need to lose weight, try to do it slowly over time – aim for around 0.5 to 1kg a week.

The charity Diabetes UK has more information on healthy weight and weight loss.

Page last reviewed: 08/08/2017
Next review due: 08/08/2020