A guide to pilates
All you need to know about getting started in pilates, including free pilates video workouts, finding a class and the health benefits of pilates.
What is pilates?
Pilates aims to strengthen the body in an even way, with particular emphasis on core strength to improve general fitness and wellbeing.
Pilates exercises are done on a mat or using special equipment, such as the Reformer, Cadillac and Wunda Chair. With its system of pulleys and springs, handles and straps, the apparatus can provide either resistance or support, depending on your needs.
Pilates was developed by German-born Joseph Pilates, who believed mental and physical health were closely connected. His method was influenced by Western forms of exercise, including gymnastics, boxing and Greco-Roman wrestling. Pilates immigrated to the US in the 1920s and opened a studio in New York, where he taught his method, which he called "contrology" – for several decades.
Who is pilates for?
Pilates is suitable for all ages and levels of ability and fitness.
If you have any health concerns, such as a health condition or an injury, seek advice from a GP or a health professional before starting any exercise programme.
What are the health benefits of pilates?
There are many reports on the health benefits of pilates. However, few of these have been subjected to rigorous scientific examination, and there's a need for more research in this area.
Practitioners say regular pilates can improve posture, muscle tone, balance and joint mobility, as well as relieve stress and tension.
Can pilates help reduce back pain?
There's some evidence that pilates can provide pain relief to people with non-specific lower back pain.
For the exercises to be effective, they need to be tailored to the individual and vetted by an appropriately qualified health professional. Most pilates teachers are not qualified health professionals and cannot prescribe, treat or offer therapy.
Can pilates help me lose weight?
Pilates is classed as a muscle-strengthening activity, which can help you maintain a healthy weight. Classes can vary in intensity: they can be gentle, or dynamic and offer a solid workout.
If you want to lose weight, you're advised to combine pilates with a healthy diet and some aerobic activities, such as swimming, walking and cycling.
Try the pilates workouts in our Fitness Studio exercise videos, such as:
Can I injure myself doing pilates?
Pilates is a low-impact form of exercise, so injuries are uncommon. However, it's important to find a qualified teacher and a class suited to your level of fitness and ability.
Most pilates teachers are not qualified health professionals. If you're recovering from injury, you're advised to check with a GP or relevant health professional on the suitability of certain exercises or movements before starting a class.
What's the difference between pilates and yoga?
While the methods are different, pilates and yoga both develop strength, balance, flexibility, posture and good breathing technique.
Both systems emphasise the connection between physical and mental health, although yoga places more emphasis on relaxation and uses meditation. Pilates is performed both on apparatus and mats, whereas classic yoga does not require any equipment.
Pilates exercises are performed in a flow of movement without the static poses associated with yoga.
What's the difference between apparatus and mat work?
Mat work may involve traditional pilates equipment, such as "magic circles" (pilates rings) or hand weights, as well as non-pilates gear, such as stretch bands, gym balls and foam rollers. Pilates with apparatus uses equipment designed by Joseph Pilates, such as the Reformer, Cadillac, Wunda Chair, Spine Corrector and Ladder Barrel.
Mat and apparatus pilates can be adapted to suit different levels of fitness and ability. However, if you cannot lie down on a mat for whatever reason, the apparatus can provide alternative ways to exercise.
Pilates can be taught on a 1-to-1 or group basis. If you have a health condition that may require close attention, check with the pilates teacher that their class is suitable. Classes using apparatus offer a higher level of individual attention, but they're usually more expensive.
Choosing a pilates class
Pilates can be taught in a dedicated pilates studio with apparatus, or in an open area with mats and small equipment. Both mat and apparatus pilates can be taught privately or in small groups, with most classes lasting 45 minutes to an hour.
Ideally, apparatus classes should be taught on a 1-to-1 basis and around a maximum of 12 for mat work, to ensure personal attention can be provided. Some experience in using the apparatus is advisable before joining a group apparatus class.
When choosing a pilates teacher, you should consider their experience and the quality of their training, as well as personality and rapport.
Page last reviewed: 26 July 2021
Next review due: 26 July 2024