Prostate enlargement animation 

Prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition in older men. This animation explains what the prostate gland is and how it functions. It also highlights the importance of seeing your GP to check for prostate cancer.

Learn more about the symptoms of prostate enlargement

Transcript of Prostate enlargement animation

Prostate Enlargement

Prostate enlargement and prostate cancer

are two common conditions that affect men.

In both cases, it is the prostate,

a small gland in the pelvis that is affected.

Let's look inside the body to learn more about this gland.

The prostate is only found in men.

It's about the size of a walnut

and lies inside the pelvis underneath your bladder.

It surrounds the urethra, a thin tube that carries urine from the bladder,

through the penis where it leaves the body.

The prostate produces and stores a thick fluid,

which is a major part of semen.

As you grow older, your prostate may get bigger.

This is known as prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH.

It is still not fully understood why the prostate enlarges with age,

but growth hormones such as testosterone and oestrogen

undoubtedly play some role.

This condition is not dangerous, but may affect urination

as the enlarged prostate squeezes your urethra.

In some men, treatment is needed to alleviate symptoms.

Having prostate enlargement does not increase your risk

of developing prostate cancer.

However, some of the symptoms may be similar.

So it's important to see your doctor if you notice changes in urination.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men,

with most cases developing in men aged 65 and over.

It occurs when cells in your prostate multiply abnormally and form a tumour.

Prostate cancer usually progresses very slowly.

It can take up to 15 years for the cancer to spread beyond the prostate

and initially you may not experience any symptoms.

However, as the tumour grows,

cancer cells may spread to the surrounding tissue,

lymph nodes and bones.

If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer,

your team of doctors will discuss treatment plans with you.

The type of treatment recommended will depend on your age,

the likely progression and stage of your cancer

and possible side effects of treatment.

Treatment is not always needed,

and periods of active surveillance or watchful waiting may be recommended

to see how the cancer develops.

Prostate cancer can be cured when treated

before it spreads to the surrounding areas.

Treatments include prostate removal, hormone therapy

and external or internal radiotherapy.

Treatment can cause side-effects including loss of sexual desire,

erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence.

The outlook for prostate cancer that has not spread is generally good.

And in many cases it won't affect your natural lifespan.


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