1. About loratadine
Loratadine is an antihistamine medicine that relieves the symptoms of allergies. It's used to treat:
Loratadine is known as a non-drowsy antihistamine. It's much less likely to make you feel sleepy than some other antihistamines.
Loratadine is available on prescription. You can also buy it from pharmacies and supermarkets.
It comes as tablets or as a liquid that you swallow.
2. Key facts
- It's usual to take loratadine once a day.
- Loratadine is classed as a non-drowsy antihistamine, but some people still find it makes them feel slightly sleepy.
- Children may also have a headache and feel tired or nervous after taking loratadine.
- It's best not to drink alcohol while you're taking loratadine as it can make you feel sleepy.
- Loratadine is also called by the brand names Clarityn Allergy and Clarityn Rapide Allergy.
3. Who can and can't take loratadine
Loratadine can be taken by adults and children aged 2 years and older.
Loratadine isn't suitable for some people. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you:
- have had an allergy to loratadine or any other medicines in the past
- have severe liver failure
- have an intolerance to, or cannot absorb, some sugars such as lactose or sucrose
- have epilepsy or another illness that puts you at risk of fits
- have a rare illness called porphyria
- are booked to have an allergy test – taking loratadine may affect the results so you might need to stop taking it a few days before the test
4. How and when to take it
If you or your child have been prescribed loratadine, follow your doctor's instructions about how and when to take it. If you've bought loratadine from a pharmacy or shop, follow the instructions that come with the packet.
How much to take
Loratadine comes as 10mg tablets and as a liquid medicine (labelled either 5mg/5ml or 1mg/1ml). You can take loratadine with or without food.
The usual dose in adults is 10mg once a day.
Doses are usually lower for people with liver problems.
For children, your doctor will use your child's weight or age to work out the right dose.
How to take it
Loratadine comes as 2 different types of tablet – ordinary and melt-in-the-mouth tablets.
Swallow ordinary loratadine tablets with a drink of water, milk or juice. If the tablet has a score line, you can break it in half if you find it hard to swallow it whole. Do not chew it.
Melt-in-the-mouth tablets dissolve instantly on your tongue without needing a drink. Be careful not to crush them when you take them out of the packet.
Loratadine liquid may be easier for children to take than tablets. The medicine will come with a plastic syringe or spoon to help you measure out the right dose. If you don't have a syringe or spoon, ask your pharmacist for one. Do not use a kitchen teaspoon as it will not give the right amount.
Loratadine tablets and melt-in-the-mouth tablets must only be taken by children aged between 2 and 12 years if they weigh 30kg or more. Give children loratadine liquid if they weigh less than 30kg.
When to take it
You may only need to take loratadine on a day you have symptoms, for instance if you've been exposed to a trigger such as animal hair. Or you may need to take it regularly to prevent symptoms, such as hay fever during spring and summer.
What if I forget to take it?
Take your forgotten dose as soon as you remember, unless it is nearly time for your next dose. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.
What if I take too much?
Loratadine is generally very safe. Taking too much is unlikely to harm you or your child.
If you take an extra dose by mistake, you might get a headache, have a rapid heartbeat or feel sleepy. If this happens or you're concerned, contact your doctor.
5. Side effects
Like all medicines, loratadine can cause side effects although not everyone gets them.
Common side effects
The most common side effect of loratadine is feeling sleepy. This happens in more than 1 in 100 people.
Side effects in children may include:
- feeling tired
- feeling nervous
Serious allergic reaction
In rare cases, loratadine may cause a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).
Immediate action required: Call 999 or go to A&E if:
- you get a skin rash that may include itchy, red, swollen, blistered or peeling skin
- you're wheezing
- you get tightness in the chest or throat
- you have trouble breathing or talking
- your mouth, face, lips, tongue or throat start swelling
You could be having a serious allergic reaction and may need immediate treatment in hospital.
These are not all the side effects of loratadine. For a full list see the leaflet inside your medicines packet.
You can report any suspected side effect to the UK safety scheme.
6. How to cope with side effects
What to do about:
- Feeling sleepy – try a different non-drowsy antihistamine. If this doesn't help, talk to your doctor.
- Headaches – rest and drink plenty of fluids. Ask your pharmacist to recommend a painkiller. Headaches should normally go away after the first week of taking loratadine. Talk to your doctor if they last longer or are more severe.
- Feeling tired or nervous – talk to your doctor or pharmacist if these side effects don't go away as they may be able to offer you a different antihistamine.
7. Pregnancy and breastfeeding
It's generally safe to take loratadine during pregnancy and while breastfeeding.
For more information about how loratadine can affect you and your baby during pregnancy, read this leaflet on the Best Use of Medicines in Pregnancy (BUMPS) website.
Loratadine and breastfeeding
It's usually safe to take loratadine if you're breastfeeding as only small amounts get into breast milk.
If you're breastfeeding and your baby was premature or has other health problems, talk to your doctor before taking loratadine.
8. Cautions with other medicines
Some medicines and loratadine interfere with each other and increase the chances of you having side effects.
Tell your doctor if you're taking:
- amiodarone, a medicine used to treat an irregular heartbeat
- cimetidine, an indigestion medicine
- erythromycin, an antibiotic
- ketoconazole, a medicine to treat fungal infections
- midodrine, a medicine used to treat low blood pressure
- ritonavir, a medicine used to treat HIV infection
- any medicine that makes you feel sleepy, gives you a dry mouth or makes it difficult for you to pee. Taking loratadine might make these side effects worse
Mixing loratadine with herbal remedies and supplements
There might be a problem taking some herbal remedies and supplements alongside loratadine – especially ones that cause sleepiness, a dry mouth or make it difficult to pee.
Non-urgent advice: Tell your doctor if you're:
- trying to get pregnant
9. Common questions
How does loratadine work?
Loratadine is a medicine called an antihistamine.
When you come into contact with something you have an allergy to, such as pollen, animal hair or fur, house dust or insect bites, your body produces a chemical called histamine.
Usually histamine is a useful substance but in an allergic reaction it causes unpleasant symptoms including itchy, watery eyes, running or blocked nose, sneezing and skin rashes.
Loratadine blocks the effects of histamine and so reduces these symptoms.
When will I feel better?
You should start to feel better within an hour.
How long should I take loratadine for?
It depends on why you're taking it.
You may only need to take loratadine for a short time or as a one-off dose. If you have a reaction to an insect bite, you may only need to take loratadine for a day or two.
You may need to take it for longer if you're taking it to prevent symptoms from hay fever when the pollen count is high.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you're not sure how long you need to take loratadine for.
Is it safe to take loratadine for a long time?
Loratadine is unlikely to do you any harm if you take it for a long time. However, it's best to take loratadine only for as long as you need to.
Can I drink alcohol with it?
It's best not to drink alcohol while you're taking loratadine, as it can make you feel sleepy.
Is there any food or drink I need to avoid?
You can eat and drink normally while taking loratadine.
Can I drive or ride a bike with it?
Loratadine is classed as a non-drowsy antihistamine but it's still possible to feel sleepy after taking it.
If this happens to you, do not drive a car or ride a bike until you feel better.
What's the difference between loratadine and other antihistamines?
Loratadine is known as a non-drowsy antihistamine. It's less likely to make you feel sleepy than other, so-called, sedating antihistamines such as Piriton (chlorphenamine).
Most people prefer to take a non-drowsy antihistamine instead of a sedating one. One exception may be when you want the medicine to make you sleepy because you've got itchy skin that's keeping you awake.
What's the difference between loratadine and other non-drowsy antihistamines?
Other non-drowsy antihistamines like cetirizine, desloratadine, fexofenadine and levocetirizine seem to work as well as loratadine.
However, loratadine, desloratadine and fexofenadine seem to be less likely to make you feel sleepy than cetirizine.
Can I take more than one antihistamine together?
Sometimes doctors recommend that people with severe itchy skin rash take 2 different antihistamines together for a few days.
As well as taking a non-drowsy antihistamine like loratadine during the day, your doctor may tell you to take a sedating antihistamine at night if the itching is making it difficult to sleep.
Do not take 2 antihistamines together unless recommended by your doctor.
Can I take loratadine with other hay fever treatments?
Yes, it's fine to take loratadine together with other types of hay fever treatment, for example steroid nasal sprays (such as Beconase, Rhinacort Aqua and Flixonase Nasules), or eyedrops.
Can I take loratadine at higher doses than on the packet?
Your doctor might suggest you or your child take a higher dose of loratadine (up to 4 times the usual dose) for severe itchy skin rash or swelling underneath the skin (angioedema).
Taking high doses of loratadine isn't suitable for everyone though.
Speak to your doctor if you think loratadine isn't working for you.
Will it affect my fertility?
There's no firm evidence to suggest that taking loratidine will reduce fertility in either men or women. However, speak to a pharmacist or your doctor before taking it if you're trying to get pregnant.
Can lifestyle changes relieve hay fever?
It will help if you don't spend too much time outside if the pollen count is high.
Tips for when you're outside
- Do not cut grass or walk on grass.
- Wear wraparound sunglasses to stop pollen getting into your eyes.
- Put Vaseline around your nostrils to help trap pollen.
- Shower and change your clothes after you've been outside to wash off pollen.
Tips for when you're inside
- Keep windows and doors shut as much as possible.
- Vacuum regularly and dust with a damp cloth.
- Do not keep fresh flowers in the house.
- Do not smoke or be around smoke as it makes hay fever symptoms worse.