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Raynaud's

Raynaud's phenomenon is common and does not usually cause any severe problems. You can often treat the symptoms yourself by keeping warm. Sometimes it can be a sign of a more serious condition.

Check if it's Raynaud's

Raynaud's affects your blood circulation. When you're cold, anxious or stressed, your fingers and toes may change colour.

Other symptoms can include:

White fingers caused by Raynaud's
The skin turns white as blood flow is restricted.
Credit:

DR P. MARAZZI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

https://www.sciencephoto.com/media/459251/view

Blue fingers caused by Raynaud's
Sometimes the skin turns blue as blood vessels react.
Credit:

SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

https://www.sciencephoto.com/media/574648/view

Red fingers caused by Raynaud's
The skin turns red as blood flow returns.
Credit:

DR P. MARAZZI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

https://www.sciencephoto.com/media/262341/view

Some people also find their ears, nose, lips or nipples are affected.

The symptoms of Raynaud's may last from a few minutes to a few hours.

If you're not sure it's Raynaud's
A table of possible causes of symptoms.
Symptoms Possible causes
Pins and needles that lasts for a few minutes Resting or sleeping on part of the body
Breathing too quickly, trembling hands, pins and needles, but fingers do not change colour Hyperventilation
Burning or itchy swelling on fingers and toes, happens after being very cold, gets worse as you warm up Chilblains

Things you can do to help with Raynaud's

Do

  • keep your home warm

  • wear warm clothes during cold weather – especially on your hands and feet

  • exercise regularly – this helps improve circulation

  • try breathing exercises or yoga to help you relax

  • eat a healthy, balanced diet

Don't

  • do not smoke – improve your circulation by stopping smoking

  • do not drink too much tea, coffee or cola – caffeine and other stimulants can stop you relaxing

Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:

  • your symptoms are very bad or getting worse
  • Raynaud's is affecting your daily life
  • you only have numbness on 1 side of your body
  • you also have joint pain, skin rashes or muscle weakness
  • you're over 30 and get symptoms of Raynaud's for the first time
  • your child is under 12 and has symptoms of Raynaud's
Information:

Coronavirus update: how to contact a GP

It's still important to get help from a GP if you need it. To contact your GP surgery:

  • visit their website
  • use the NHS App
  • call them

Find out about using the NHS during coronavirus

Treatment for Raynaud's from a GP

If your symptoms are very bad or getting worse, a GP may prescribe a medicine called nifedipine to help improve your circulation.

Some people need to take nifedipine every day. Others only use it to prevent Raynaud's – for example, during cold weather.

Sometimes a GP will examine you and suggest a blood test. In rare cases, Raynaud's could be a sign of a more serious condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.

Information:

Support from SRUK

SRUK is the UK charity for people with scleroderma and Raynaud's.

It offers:

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Page last reviewed: 8 September 2017
Next review due: 8 September 2020