Prevention - Bird flu

As the bird flu (avian flu) virus is carried by birds, it's very difficult to stop it spreading. However, you can take some general measures to reduce your risk of catching a viral infection.

General precautions

To reduce your risk of catching and passing on viral infections, such as flu, always ensure you:

  • wash your hands regularly, particularly before and after handling food
  • turn away from other people and cover your mouth with tissues when you cough or sneeze
  • dispose of tissues immediately after use and wash your hands with soap and warm water
  • avoid public places if you're ill
  • tell the receptionist at your GP surgery about your symptoms so you can be seated away from other people and given a surgical mask if necessary
  • maintain a good level of general health and have any recommended vaccinations, such as the pneumococcal vaccination and seasonal flu vaccine, if you're in a high-risk group – for example, if you have a long-term illness such as asthma or you're 65 or over

Contact with birds

You can feed wild birds and ducks, but it's important to wash your hands thoroughly afterwards. Don't go near sick or dead birds. Keep away from bird droppings if possible and wash your hands thoroughly if you accidentally touch any.

Call the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) helpline on 03459 33 55 77 if you find 5 or more dead birds in the same place.

If you come across between 1 and 4 dead birds, Defra advises leaving them alone or disposing of them carefully. Visit GOV.UK for guidelines on disposing of dead birds.


In general, you don't need to change the way you look after your pets. If you have a dog that sometimes catches wild birds, try to avoid areas where this is likely to happen. In theory, the H5N1 bird flu strain can be passed on to other animals, but it's very unlikely.

If you have a pet bird, don't let it come into contact with wild birds or wild bird droppings.


If you're travelling in a country that's had an outbreak of bird flu, don't go to live animal markets or poultry farms.

Don't go near bird droppings or dead birds, and don't bring live birds or poultry products back to the UK with you, including feathers.

The NHS has plans in place to manage a potential outbreak of bird flu in the UK, although such an outbreak is considered highly unlikely.

Preparing meat

Bird flu isn't transmitted through cooked food. It's safe to eat poultry and eggs in areas that have had outbreaks of bird flu.

As a precaution, always ensure you follow good hygiene standards when preparing and cooking meat. For example:

  • use different utensils for cooked and raw meat
  • wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water before and after handling meat
  • ensure that meat is thoroughly cooked and piping hot before serving

Bird flu vaccination

There's a vaccine that protects against H5N1 bird flu, but supplies are limited, so it's unlikely to be widely available unless there's a serious outbreak.

The seasonal flu vaccine doesn't provide protection against the strains of bird flu that can affect humans.

Page last reviewed: 18/05/2018
Next review due: 18/05/2021