On this page you'll find information on the healthcare access you're entitled to and how to get it, whether you're:
- moving to or already living in Switzerland (including as a student)
- visiting Switzerland (for example, on holiday)
Living in Switzerland after Brexit
If you live in Switzerland before Brexit
The UK has reached an agreement with Switzerland on citizens' rights.
This means that if there's a no-deal Brexit, existing healthcare entitlements will be protected.
The agreement protects the rights of UK nationals living in Switzerland, and Swiss nationals who are living in the UK, before exit day.
Current healthcare arrangements will not change for UK nationals who are resident in Switzerland before the UK leaves the EU, for as long as they're living in Switzerland and covered by the agreement.
- students using a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)
- S1 holders, including UK nationals living in Switzerland on exit day who reach State Pension age after Brexit
If you're a posted worker with a UK-issued EHIC or S1 certificate working in Switzerland before exit day, read the UK government's guidance about National Insurance if you go abroad.
If you decide to continue working in Switzerland and pay contributions there, your EHIC or S1 may not continue to be valid.
If you're a UK posted worker and you need to pay social security contributions in Switzerland after Brexit, consider buying into the state system if you're eligible.
This will mean you can continue to receive healthcare on the same terms as a Swiss national.
Or you could think about buying comprehensive health insurance.
You can use NHS services in England, Scotland and Wales without charge when visiting the UK after exit day if you're living in Switzerland before exit day and:
- have a UK-issued S1 form
- have a UK-issued EHIC
- would have been eligible for the UK to fund your healthcare access if exit day had not occurred
This will remain the case after exit day.
If you move to Switzerland after Brexit
If you're planning to move to Switzerland after the UK leaves the EU, you need to make the best decisions for your circumstances and consider:
- registering to live in Switzerland – as with current arrangements in Switzerland, there are 3 types of permits you can get: short-term (less than a year), annual or permanent
- registering for healthcare in Switzerland – if you remain resident in Switzerland, you'll need to pay into the state healthcare scheme
- buying comprehensive health insurance to cover you while you're applying for residency
Make sure you have all the right documentation and it's up to date.
You should not expect to be able to use NHS services for free when visiting the UK if you move to Switzerland after Brexit.
You should take out appropriate travel insurance when visiting the UK, as you would when visiting any other country.
If you return to the UK permanently and meet the ordinarily resident test, you'll be able to access NHS care without charge.
Visiting Switzerland after Brexit
You should prepare for possible changes to your access to healthcare if there's a no-deal Brexit and you're a UK national planning on visiting Switzerland after the UK leaves the EU.
Your UK-issued EHIC may not be valid if there's a no-deal Brexit. This will depend on arrangements with individual countries.
If you are visiting Switzerland before the UK leaves the EU, the Citizens' Rights Agreement between the UK and Switzerland means that if there's a no-deal Brexit:
- existing healthcare entitlements will be protected
- your EHIC will be valid for the duration of your stay
If your visit starts after the UK leaves the EU, your EHIC may not be valid if there's a no-deal Brexit.
Check your travel insurance has the necessary healthcare cover to ensure you can get any treatment you might need.
If you have any pre-existing health conditions, talk to a GP and your insurer about how to get the right cover and how this affects your travel.
This guide will be updated when there's more information about travelling to and living in Switzerland after Brexit.
Healthcare in Switzerland until the UK leaves the EU
Finding help in an emergency
Call 112 if you have a serious or life-threatening emergency.
Make sure you have comprehensive travel insurance if you're planning to visit Switzerland.
The government always advises UK nationals to take out comprehensive travel insurance when going overseas.
Your EHIC is not an alternative to travel insurance and you should have both when you travel abroad.
Emergency medical care is provided to anyone requiring urgent attention.
You can expect to be charged in full for any care provided without an EHIC.
Your EHIC enables you to access necessary state-provided healthcare in Switzerland at a reduced cost, or sometimes for free, if you're staying there temporarily.
Make sure that you're treated by a healthcare provider in the state system, as you will not be covered for private healthcare with an EHIC.
Remember to keep all receipts and any paperwork.
Pre-existing health conditions
You should buy medical travel insurance before visiting Switzerland if you have a pre-existing health condition.
You must tell the insurance company about any pre-existing health conditions you have so you can get the cover you need.
If you have a pre-existing condition that will need treatment while abroad, ask your doctor in the UK for advice before you travel.
Take any documents about your health condition or medicines with you.
If you have a UK-issued EHIC, this will be valid for the duration of your stay if your visit begins before the UK leaves the EU.
If your visit starts after the UK leaves the EU, your EHIC may not be valid if there's a no-deal Brexit.
If you are travelling to have planned medical treatment, read our guide to seeking medical treatment in Europe.
Dental treatment is not covered unless it's caused by serious illness or an accident.
You'll need to be referred by a doctor for any hospital treatment, unless it's an emergency.
Either provide your EHIC or proof of your Swiss health insurance at admission.
Inpatient treatment in a state hospital is covered according to the current tariffs, but not in a semi-private or private ward, or in a private hospital.
Pharmacies also have an out-of-hours service.
You can ask the directory enquiries service on 1818 for an out-of-hours pharmacy.
Information is available in German, French, Italian and English.
You can also search online using SOS-Pharmacy.
You'll have to pay extra if you buy medicines at an out-of-hours pharmacy.
Bringing your own medicines to Switzerland
Some prescribed medicines contain drugs that are controlled under the Misuse of Drugs legislation in the UK.
This means that additional legal controls apply to these medicines.
You may need a personal license to take controlled medicines abroad.
Specific requirements also apply to:
- the information that you must take with you
- how you carry your controlled medicines
Visit GOV.UK for more information about travelling with controlled medicines.
Living in Switzerland
You may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK if you live in Switzerland and receive:
- an exportable UK State Pension
- a contribution-based Employment Support Allowance (ESA)
- another exportable benefit
You'll need to apply for a certificate of entitlement known as an S1 certificate. An S1 certificate helps you and your dependants access healthcare in Switzerland.
You may be eligible for an S1 certificate if you:
- receive certain UK benefits, such as a UK State Pension
- are employed by a UK body or firm (you're a posted or frontier worker)
- are a dependant of someone who has an S1 certificate
You can apply for an S1 certificate through the NHS Business Services Authority.
If you receive a UK State Pension, you can apply for your certificate through the Overseas Healthcare Service on +44 (0) 191 218 1999 (option 5).
The existing healthcare entitlements of UK nationals living in Switzerland before Brexit will be protected. This is because of the Citizens' Rights Agreement between the UK and Switzerland.
- S1 holders who are living in Switzerland before Brexit
- UK nationals living in Switzerland at exit day who reach State Pension age after Brexit
If you do not have an S1 certificate, you can still apply for one until the UK leaves the EU.
It's important to have all the right documentation and that it's up to date.
For other exportable benefits, you may need to contact a different team depending on the exportable benefit.
Different exportable benefits can have different rules in terms of healthcare cover.
Working in Switzerland
If you work in Switzerland, you'll need to buy the mandatory basic healthcare insurance. This entitles you to healthcare under the same conditions as Swiss nationals.
The mandatory basic healthcare insurance in Switzerland covers:
- services provided by a doctor – all costs of services provided by doctors are normally covered, and doctors are required to tell you whether procedures they perform are covered by basic insurance
- hospital costs – hospitals should be chosen as per the list of hospitals kept by the canton (region) in which you reside; if you get treatment from another hospital, the costs and treatment of the general ward will only be covered up to the amount that would have been reimbursed if you had treatment at your cantonal hospital
- accidents – if you work 8 hours a week or more, your employer should insure you for work-related and non-work-related accidents under the Accidents Insurance Law
- medical transport and rescue – insurance covers half the cost of transport or rescue, but with a maximum cover of 500CHF for transport and 5,000CHF for rescue per year
- emergency treatment outside EU countries, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland – insurance covers costs up to twice the value of what you'd have been expected to spend in Switzerland
If you're a worker posted by a UK company to Switzerland, you may be entitled to health cover funded by the UK.
You can find out more from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC):
Students in Switzerland
All foreign nationals have 14 days after they arrive in in Switzerland to register with local authorities in the town they'll reside in and apply for a residence permit. This does not apply to tourists.
If you're a UK resident studying or about to study in Switzerland and you're entitled to a student EHIC issued by the UK, your student EHIC will remain valid for the duration of your course, as long as you stay on it.
The government always advises UK nationals to take out comprehensive insurance when going overseas.
Your EHIC is not an alternative to insurance and you should have both when you travel abroad.
Page last reviewed: 28 August 2019
Next review due: 28 August 2022