On this page you will find information on the healthcare you're entitled to and how to get it whether you're:
- moving to, or already living in, Liechtenstein
- visiting Liechtenstein, for example on holiday
Living in Liechtenstein after Brexit
If you currently live in Liechtenstein
The UK has reached an agreement with Liechtenstein on citizens’ rights. This means that if there's a no-deal Brexit, existing healthcare entitlements will be protected.
The agreement protects the rights of UK nationals who are living in Liechtenstein, and nationals of Liechtenstein who are living in the UK, before exit day.
Current healthcare arrangements will not change for UK nationals who are resident in Liechtenstein before the UK leaves the EU, for as long as they're living in Liechtenstein and covered by the agreement. This includes:
- students using a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)
- S1 holders, including UK nationals living in Liechtenstein at exit day who reach state pension age after Brexit
If you're a posted worker with a UK-issued EHIC or S1 certificate working in Liechtenstein before exit day, read the guidance on GOV.UK about National Insurance if you go abroad.
You can use NHS services in England, Scotland and Wales without charge, when visiting the UK after exit day if you're living in Liechtenstein before exit day and:
- have a UK-issued S1 form
- have a UK-issued EHIC
- would have been eligible for the UK to fund your healthcare access, if exit day had not occurred
This will remain the case after exit day.
If you move to Liechtenstein after Brexit
If you're planning to move to Liechtenstein after Brexit, you need to make the best decisions for your circumstances and consider:
- registering to live in Liechtenstein. There are very restrictive laws for foreign nationals wishing to live in Liechtenstein
- buying comprehensive health insurance to cover you while you're applying for residency or if you're not eligible for any local schemes
Make sure you have all the right documentation and it's up to date.
If you're moving to Liechtenstein after Brexit, you should not expect to be able to use NHS services for free when visiting the UK.
You should take out appropriate travel insurance when visiting the UK, as you would when visiting any other country.
If you return to the UK permanently and meet the ordinarily resident test you'll be able to access NHS care without charge.
Visiting Liechtenstein after Brexit
You should prepare for possible changes to how you access healthcare if there's a no-deal Brexit and you're a UK national planning on visiting Liechtenstein after the UK leaves the EU. Your UK-issued EHIC may not be valid if there's a no-deal Brexit.
If your visit starts before the UK leaves the EU, the Citizens' Rights Agreement between the UK and Liechtenstein means that:
- existing healthcare entitlements will be protected
- your EHIC will be valid for the duration of your stay if there's a no-deal Brexit
If your visit starts after the UK leaves the EU, your EHIC may not be valid if there's a no-deal Brexit.
Check your travel insurance has the necessary healthcare cover to ensure you can get any treatment you might need. For example, if you have any pre-existing health conditions, talk to your GP and insurer about how to get the right cover, and how this affects your travel.
This guide will be updated when there's more information on travelling to, or living in, Liechtenstein.
Healthcare in Liechtenstein until the UK leaves the EU
Finding help in an emergency
Call 112 if you have a serious or life-threatening emergency.
There's only one hospital in Liechtenstein in Vaduz. You do not need to be referred in emergencies.
Make sure you have comprehensive travel insurance if you're planning to visit Liechtenstein.
The government always advises UK nationals to take out comprehensive travel insurance when going overseas. Your EHIC is not an alternative to travel insurance and you should have both when you travel abroad.
Emergency medical care is provided to anyone requiring urgent attention. You can expect to be charged in full for any care provided without an EHIC.
Your EHIC enables you to access necessary state-provided healthcare in Liechtenstein at a reduced cost, or sometimes for free if you're staying there temporarily.
Make sure you're treated by a healthcare provider in the state system as you'll not be covered for private healthcare with an EHIC.
Remember to keep all receipts and any paperwork.
Pre-existing health conditions
You should buy medical travel insurance before visiting Liechtenstein if you have a pre-existing health condition. You must tell the insurance company about any pre-existing health conditions you have, so that you can get the cover you need.
If you have a pre-existing condition that will need treatment while abroad, ask your doctor in the UK for advice before you travel. Take any documents about your health condition or medication with you.
A UK-issued EHIC will be valid for the duration of your stay if your visit begins before the UK leaves the EU. If your visit starts after the UK leaves the EU, your EHIC may not be valid if there's a no-deal Brexit.
If you're travelling to have planned medical treatment, read our guide about going abroad for medical treatment.
All dental care in Liechtenstein is private and must be paid for in full.
There's one hospital in Liechtenstein, the National Hospital, located in the capital city Vaduz. It runs alongside private practitioners.
You'll need a referral from a doctor to be admitted to hospital, unless it's in an emergency.
The Liechtenstein government also has agreements with some hospitals outside Liechtenstein, such as Austria and Switzerland, where patients are transferred for complicated or specialised treatments.
Prescriptions are covered by statutory health insurance. When using your EHIC, people of working age are charged 50%, and pensioners are charged about 10%.
Pensioners will have to declare they receive a UK State Pension to pay the lower rate.
Bringing your own medicines to Liechtenstein
Some prescribed medicines contain drugs that are controlled under the Misuse of Drugs legislation in the UK. This means that additional legal controls apply to these medicines.
You may need a personal license to take controlled medicines abroad.
Specific requirements also apply to:
- the information that you must take with you
- how you carry your controlled medicines
Visit GOV.UK for more information about travelling with controlled medicines.
Living in Liechtenstein
UK nationals living and/or working in Liechtenstein must follow the registration process to access the same entitlements to healthcare as Liechtenstein nationals.
You may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK if you live in Liechtenstein and receive:
- an exportable UK State Pension
- a contribution-based Employment Support Allowance
- another exportable benefit
If you're eligible, apply for a certificate of entitlement known as an S1 certificate. An S1 certificate helps you and your dependants access healthcare in Liechtenstein. If you have an S1 certificate, it will be valid until the UK leaves the EU.
You may be eligible for an S1 certificate if you:
- receive certain UK benefits, such as a UK State Pension
- are employed by a UK body or firm (you're a posted or frontier worker)
- are a dependant of someone who has an S1 certificate
You can apply for an S1 certificate through the Business Services Authority.
If you receive a UK State Pension, you can apply for your certificate via the Overseas Healthcare Service on +44 (0) 191 218 1999 (option 5).
The existing healthcare entitlements of UK nationals who are living in Liechtenstein before exit day will be protected, even if there's a no-deal Brexit. This is because of the Citizens' Rights Agreement between the UK and Liechtenstein. This includes:
- S1 holders who are living in Liechtenstein before exit day
- UK nationals living in Liechtenstein before exit day who reach state pension age after Brexit
If you do not have an S1 certificate, you can continue to apply for one until the UK leaves the EU. It's important to have all the right documentation and that it's up to date.
For other exportable benefits, you may need to contact a different team depending on the exportable benefit. You can find more information under claiming benefits if you live, move or travel abroad on GOV.UK. Please note that different exportable benefits can have different rules in terms of healthcare cover.
Working in Liechtenstein
Employers must register new EEA workers with the Migration and Passport Office within 10 days of them starting work. Employees then receive confirmation of their status as a cross-border commuter.
You may be entitled to health cover funded by the UK in Liechtenstein if you're a worker posted by a UK company to Liechtenstein.
You can find out more from HM Revenue and Customs:
- contact HMRC about health cover abroad (UK residents)
- contact HMRC about health cover abroad (non-UK residents)
Students in Liechtenstein
If you're a UK resident studying, or about to study, in Liechtenstein and you're entitled to a student EHIC issued by the UK, your student EHIC will remain valid for the duration of your course, as long as you stay on it. You can find more information on GOV.UK.
The government always advises UK nationals to take out comprehensive insurance when going overseas. Your EHIC is not an alternative to insurance and you should have both when you travel abroad.
Page last reviewed: 28 August 2019
Next review due: 28 August 2022