Healthcare in Liechtenstein

Each country's health system is different and might not include all the things you would expect to get free of charge from the NHS.

This means you may have to make a patient contribution to the cost of your care.

Visitors to Liechtenstein

Finding help in an emergency

If you find yourself in a serious life-threatening emergency, you should call 112.

Other useful numbers are:

  • police: 117
  • fire department: 118
  • international emergency: 112
  • ambulance: 144
  • air rescue: 1414

There's only 1 hospital in Liechtenstein in Vaduz, which you do not need a referral for in emergencies.

Be aware that if you ask a hotel or travel representative to call a doctor, you may be treated privately.

If you wish to be treated under the state system, you must call 144 and ask for an ambulance to take you to the nearest state hospital.

Healthcare up until the UK leaves the EU

The government always advises UK citizens to take out travel insurance when going overseas, both to EU and non-EU destinations.

Emergency medical care is provided to anyone requiring urgent attention.

With a valid European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) and payment of 67 CHF, or £52 (approximately 1 month's health insurance when entering the country, regardless of whether the trip is shorter than 1 month), EU, EEA and Swiss nationals can access free emergency healthcare on the same terms as Liechtenstein nationals.

You can expect to be charged in full for any care provided without an EHIC. You should always buy enough travel insurance and make sure you have access to funding to cover any medical treatment abroad.

Remember to keep all receipts and any paperwork (make copies if necessary) as they might be needed by you or your insurance company to apply for any refund.

Currently, your EHIC enables you to access the necessary state-provided healthcare in Liechtenstein at a reduced cost, or sometimes for free if you're staying there temporarily.

If you're asked to pay for health services upfront, it's likely that you're not being treated under the state health system.

EHIC does not cover certain costs, including:

  • private treatment
  • being brought back to the UK
  • mountain rescue services
  • cruises

Be careful if healthcare arrangements are made by a hotel or travel representative.

They might reassure visitors that they can claim back whatever is paid out, but they're referring to private insurance and not the treatment given under the EHIC.

People with pre-existing health conditions

If you have a pre-existing health condition, you should buy medical travel insurance before visiting Liechtenstein.

You must tell the insurance company about any pre-existing health conditions you have to make sure you can get the cover you need.

If you have an EHIC, this will be valid until the UK leaves the EU, but may not work after that.

If you have a pre-existing condition that will need treatment while abroad, ask your doctor in the UK for advice before you travel.

Make sure you take any documents about your health condition or medication with you.

If you're travelling for the express purpose of obtaining medical treatment, see our section about seeking medical treatment in Europe.

Dentists

All dental care in Liechtenstein is private and must be paid for in full.

Hospitals

There's 1 hospital in Liechtenstein, the National Hospital, located in the capital city Vaduz, and it runs alongside private practitioners.

You'll need a referral from a doctor to be admitted to hospital, except in an emergency.

The Liechtenstein government also has agreements with a number of hospitals outside Liechtenstein, in particular Austria and Switzerland, where patients are transferred for complicated or specialised treatments.

In general, just like in the UK, you need to be referred by a doctor for any hospital treatment.

Make sure you're referred to a state hospital as only these provide treatment free of charge. Even in a state hospital you'll need a valid EHIC. Double-check you're not treated as a private patient.

In the state healthcare system, you have the right to insist your EHIC is accepted. You do not have to provide travel insurance details unless you choose to do so.

Prescriptions

Prescriptions are covered by statutory health insurance.

When using your EHIC, people of working age are charged 50% and pensioners are charged about 10%.

Pensioners will have to declare they receive a UK State Pension to pay the lower rate.

Bringing your own medicines to Liechtenstein

Some prescribed medicines contain drugs that are controlled under the Misuse of Drugs legislation in the UK. This means that extra legal controls apply to these medicines.

You may need a personal licence to take controlled medicines abroad.

Specific requirements also apply to:

  • the information that you must take with you
  • how you carry your controlled medicines

Visit the GOV.UK website for more information on travelling with controlled medicines.

After the UK leaves the EU

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, your access to healthcare when visiting Liechtenstein is likely to change.

If you're planning to visit Liechtenstein after the UK leaves the EU, you should continue to buy travel insurance so you can get the healthcare treatment you need, just as you would if visiting a non-EU country.

If you're using an EHIC issued by the UK, this will still be valid until the UK leaves the EU.

The UK government is seeking agreements with countries, including Liechtenstein, on healthcare arrangements for UK nationals after the UK leaves the EU.

This guide will be updated with further information on travelling to Liechtenstein as the circumstances change.

Working in Liechtenstein

Healthcare up until the UK leaves the EU

The EHIC does not cover residency of over 90 days in Liechtenstein. UK nationals living and/or working in Liechtenstein must follow the registration process to access the same entitlements to healthcare as Liechtenstein nationals.

If you're a worker posted to Liechtenstein by a UK company, you may be entitled to health cover funded by the UK in the country you're posted to.

Contact HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) for more details:

National Insurance Contributions and Employer Office
HM Revenue and Customs
BX9 1AN
United Kingdom

  • Telephone: 0300 200 3500
  • Outside UK: +44 191 203 7010

Opening times: 8.30am to 5pm, Monday to Friday (closed weekends and bank holidays).

For more information, see Planning your healthcare when moving abroad.

EEA citizens who work in Liechtenstein must be registered with the authorities.

Employers must register new EEA workers with the Migration and Passport Office within 10 days of them starting work. Employees then receive confirmation of their status as a cross-border commuter.

You must meet a manager, specialist or qualified worker with a completed apprenticeship or many years of working experience to receive a residence permit.

You will not be allowed to live in the Principality of Liechtenstein even if you're employed by a Liechtenstein company.

After the UK leaves the EU

If you're a UK posted worker, you may need to buy additional healthcare insurance in Liechtenstein so you can receive the healthcare treatment you need.

There are very restrictive laws for foreign nationals wishing to live in Liechtenstein.

Once you acquire a residence permit, it's valid for 5 years.

Pensioners in Liechtenstein

Healthcare up until the UK leaves the EU

If you live in Liechtenstein and receive an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit, you may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK.

You will need to apply for a certificate of entitlement known as an S1 certificate.

For exportable UK pensions and contribution-based Employment Support Allowance (ESA), you can apply for your certificate via the International Pension Centre at the Department for Work and Pensions on +44 191 218 7777.

You may need to liaise with a different team, depending on the exportable benefit.

Further information is available under Claiming benefits if you live, move or travel abroad on the GOV.UK website.

Different exportable benefits can have different rules in terms of healthcare cover.

S1 certificate (formerly known as E106)

An S1 certificate helps you and your dependants access healthcare in Liechtenstein.

If you have an S1 certificate, it'll be valid until the UK leaves the EU. After this date, the certificate may not be valid, depending on decisions by member states.

You should continue to apply for an S1 certificate until the UK leaves the EU.

You may be eligible for an S1 certificate if you:

  • have worked and paid contributions in the UK
  • receive some UK benefits, such as pensions

Apply for an S1 certificate through the Business Services Authority

For exportable UK pensions and contribution-based Employment Support Allowance (ESA), you can apply for your certificate via the International Pension Centre at the Department for Work and Pensions on 0191 218 7777 from inside the UK, or +44 191 218 777 from outside the UK.

Further information is available under Claiming benefits if you live, move or travel abroad on the GOV.UK website.

Different exportable benefits can have different rules in terms of healthcare cover.

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) provides information about what UK and Liechtenstein benefits are available to Britons living in Liechtenstein and information on driving regulations in Liechtenstein.

Students in Liechtenstein

If you're a UK resident and studying in Liechtenstein, and you have a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), this will be valid until the UK leaves the EU.

You should continue to buy insurance to cover your healthcare, as you would if you were visiting a non-EU country, after the UK leaves the EU.

Page last reviewed: 28/01/2019
Next review due: 28/01/2022