Hello, I'm Dr Rupal Shah

Hello, I'm Dr Rupal Shah.

I'm a GP in Battersea in London,
at the Bridge Lane Group Practice.

Mumps is a viral illness

and it tends to present
with a high fever

and pain just around your jaw,
around the angle of your jaw.

It could be one side or both sides,
some pain and swelling.

So it's a viral illness and you usually
feel awful for a few days with it.

Anybody who hasn't been immunised
could potentially catch mumps.

It's quite an infectious disease,

so if you have got it then you are
quite infectious to others around you.

It can affect adults or children
who aren't already immune.

If you've had the MMR vaccination
and you've had your booster of that

than you should be immune.

Because mumps is caused by a virus
and not a bacteria,

you can't treat it with antibiotics.

It's usually just symptomatic treatment,

so painkillers for the pain
and paracetamol for the fever,

so there's nothing specific
that you need in terms of treatment.

Although mumps is usually self-limiting,

sometimes it can cause
other complications.

The most well-known of those
is probably orchitis,

in which a male will present
with swelling of the scrotum and pain,

usually a few days
after the jaw symptoms first appear.

Sometimes this can lead
to fertility problems,

especially if you get mumps
after adolescence.

Meningitis is another complication
of mumps, which is fairly rare.

If it does happen
it's usually self-limiting.

Occasionally it can be more serious
or even fatal.

I would say
that the best way of preventing mumps

is to make sure that your child
does get the MMR vaccine.

That's given in two doses,

once at 13 months, roughly,

and then another booster dose
between three and five.

If your child's had both of those doses,
they should be protected against mumps.