There are hazards all round the home.
If you've got a baby that's starting to crawl,
a toddler that wants to start exploring,
it's really important to have a stair gate
at both the top and the bottom of the stairs.
Something like this. It acts as a barrier.
It stops young people being able to get to places that they shouldn't.
Other hazards around the home are toys left at the top of the stairs.
You can see it, if a child or an adult puts their foot on this,
they can go flying down the stairs,
have a really bad accident and hit their head at the bottom.
In a lot of homes you will find bleach and toilet cleaner
left by the side of the toilet just like we've got here.
People think it's safe to do it
because there's a supposedly childproof top,
but in fact they're not childproof, they only slow a child down
and by the age of three a lot of kids can open them.
So if you've got this, pop it up here safely out of the way.
Some of the most serious accidents in the home can happen in the bathroom,
when a young child plays with a hot tap, falls into a bath of scalding hot water,
but you can get a safety device like this,
called a thermostatic mixing valve,
from a plumbers' merchant.
This means you can still have your steaming hot bath
but your child won't be scalded in seconds.
But they are quite expensive, they cost about £60,
so the cheaper alternative is
always run the cold tap into the bath first, never the hot.
Children are often left unsupervised in the bedroom,
so it's important to make sure that the bedroom is safe.
We've got a really good example here of a window lock.
This means that if a child's playing,
they can't push the window open, fall out,
very, very nasty accident.
Another good example here is the blind.
The cord on it is really short.
Small children in particular can get caught up,
actually caught round the neck and get strangled by longer blind cords,
so it's really important that they are short like this one.
A lot of accidents happen in the kitchen
so it's really important that you don't leave small children unsupervised.
For example, a pan like this with the handle hanging over the edge.
It's really easy for a young child to pull on that
and pour the boiling-hot water down themselves.
Now, something like this is actually really good.
You've got a kettle on a short lead,
but sometimes you'll find in kitchens that the kettle's right on the edge,
the lead is hanging down and the child will pull at it.
Again, boiling-hot water all over them.
Now, a lot of us keep cleaning products under the sink,
just like these here,
and it's very easy for children to be able to swallow these.
There are lots of products that you can buy to fit on your kitchen cupboards
so that young children can't open them.
These are just two of them, but there are a lot available.
So something like this, you fit it here, inside the cupboard,
and then what it does is it holds your door in place
so you can't pull it open,
young children can't get to those dangerous substances inside.
More accidents happen in the lounge than any other room in the house.
Even an innocent-looking cup of tea can be a real hazard
if it's left on a low table
or you're holding a hot cup of tea while you've got a baby in the other hand.
A baby's skin is 15 times thinner than an adult's,
so if they knock a cup of tea or coffee over themselves,
you can imagine the amount of damage it can do.
The golden rule with kids and bikes is always put a helmet on,
even in the garden,
because when they're running round, cycling round really fast,
they can go over the edge, bash their head on a step,
so keep that growing brain protected.
I've taken it off.
As your child ages, you need to move them up
from a baby seat to a child seat and then to a booster seat.
You need to make sure all the time
that you're using the right car seat for the age and weight of your child.
It's absolutely vital for children to wear a car seat
on every trip, no matter how short.
If they don't, if you're in a crash, even at very slow speed,
the child will hit the car with the same impact
as if you dropped them out of a fourth-floor window.
So remember, put them in a car seat every trip, no matter how short.
Only one per cent of children at the moment in England are biking to school
when up to 50 per cent in hands-up surveys have said they would like to.
So we have come in to try and address this problem
and look to tackle the obstacles
that are preventing those children from biking in and biking in safely.
When you cycle you can do different games on your bike and it's fun.
And it's not only fun, it makes you healthy as well.
We work with staff, parents and children in a number of different schools
and our object is to develop a programme
of practical and fun activities and initiatives
that will encourage
and get kids thinking and wanting to ride into school.
I'm just going to tell them a few safety tips,
like the most important one, looking behind you
and keeping your hands on your brakes.
When you're cycling, keep your hands always on the brakes.
What's another important thing if you're cycling in traffic?
- What do you need to do? - (child) Be able to look round.
Yes, you need to be able to look behind you
and you need to be able to signal.
OK, why do we first look and then signal?
What would happen if we just signalled?
You have to look so the car can see you're in eye distance
and then put your hand out so the car notices you first.
We organise everything, from events like Bike To School days
and Ride To School weeks.
We do bike breakfasts, we do mechanic workshops,
all these kind of events.
Then in school we can do in-classroom activities
linking into the curriculum.
They're split into three groups.
One group is pretending they're sitting in the car, on a bench,
and one group is pretending to walk to school, walking around the hall,
and one group is pretending they're cycling to school, cycling around.
What they did beforehand is they measured their heart rate.
Afterwards we're going to measure their heart rate again
and ask them how they feel.
Riding our bikes actually give us our heartbeats.
When we ride our bike we take in oxygen
and our heart pumps and puts it around our body.
If we just sat in cars it won't actually do that
and because we're eating so much we'll get kind of obese
because your body's not pumping as much and you're becoming unfit,
but when you're riding it has to pump so your heart's keeping fit.
They've cycled to school, they've already had that snap,
ready to start the day, brains working,
so they're already arriving there,
rather than quite often they used to arrive
and you had to try and wake them up a bit more.
The school day didn't use to start till a bit later, really,
because you'd be spending half an hour getting them ready to learn.
I actually feel calmer and I work better in class
because I know I don't have to walk in the cold and the rain.
It's not moody.
It's like, "I can cycle, I feel active" when I come to school.
I love bikes so riding just makes me happy anyway.
It's suggested that the daily amount of physical activity
that children should be doing should be one hour a day.
And cycling to school can help fill that hour.
The other aspect of it which we can't ignore
is we're in a world where there's so much traffic.
I think for children to learn at as young an age as possible
that cycling is going to have
a positive impact on the environment and the world we live in
is really important.
And they don't get stuck in traffic either.
They don't have to wait for anything. They just get on their bike and go.