Sunburn is your skin's response

Sunburn is your skin's response

to damage from the ultraviolet radiation
in the sun or from sun beds.

Getting sunburnt
can increase your risk of melanoma,

the most serious form of skin cancer.

We also know that melanoma
is a cancer that affects all ages.

The first thing about sun protection
is that it's not all about sunscreen.

Sunscreen isn't a magic barrier to stop
you burning and decrease your risk.

It's important to think about everything
you can do to protect yourself,

using clothing, hats,

tee-shirts and seeking out shade
when it gets really hot.

When you choose a sunscreen, choose
one that's a minimum of factor 15,

to give you a certain amount
of protection from the sun.

The higher factor you use,
the more protection you'll have.

There are two sorts of radiation
from the sun, UVA and UVB,

and the star system
reflects the UVA protection,

so you want something
at least four stars of UVA protection

and at least factor 15.

The price of your sunscreen isn't
important, it's the protection it gives.

You want factor 15 and at least
four stars for UVA protection.

There's lots of great own-brands.
It doesn't have to be a big-name brand.

Get one with the protection you need
at a price you can afford.

It does matter how you put it on
and about your skin type.

Some people are very susceptible
to burning,

so you shouldn't just rely on sunscreen.

Many people don't realise that in order
to get actual protection from sunscreen,

you need to put it on properly.

We recommend if you put it
on your face and arms,

you probably need
about two teaspoons of sun cream.

On your legs and the rest of your body,
you probably need about two tablespoons.

Put it on before you go out in the sun.
When you actually put it on,

don't rub it in too hard.
It needs to form a barrier on your skin,

so pat it in, smooth it in.

It's important to reapply sunscreen
during the day if you've been sweating,

if you've rubbed it off or been swimming
at the pool or the beach.

Remember to put another layer on
every few hours.

People forget places
when they put on sun cream.

Places like the tops of your ears,
back of the neck.

And if you're going a bit thin on top,
people forget to put it on their scalp,

so be careful with those areas.

Make sure you're wearing cover-up
clothing and put on your sunscreen.

Sunscreens can expire.
The chemicals can go off

and they won't give as much protection
as you think,

and you may get burnt even
when you think you're protected.

It's a good idea to buy new sunscreen
every year. Use enough and use it up.

Young skin is particularly sensitive

and children get sunburnt very easily.

It's really important to take care
of kids in the sun.

Make sure they cover up,
get in the shade,

and that they're wearing
high-factor sunscreen.

Put it on regularly and often,

especially if they're splashing about
in the pool or at the beach.

If you're someone who burns very easily,

you should not rely on sunscreen
to protect yourself.

Think about covering up,
seeking shade when it's really hot.

Sunscreen is your last line of defence.

It's important to enjoy the sun safely.

Be sun-smart. Cover up, seek out shade,

use sunscreen and avoid sunburn.