Summer safety for younger children

While it's important to be prepared for any dangers that children might face during the summer, it's also important to let them run around and have fun.

The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) believes that children's activity and play need to be as safe as necessary, not as safe as possible.

“Summer is a great time for children to get out and experience the world around them,” says David Walker, head of leisure safety at RoSPA. "During the summer months, we see a rise in injuries associated with play and leisure activities. You need to be aware of safely issues, but this isn't a reason to stop children enjoying activities. In many cases, simple steps can be taken to avoid injury."   

New environments

If you go to stay with friends or relatives, their home or garden might not be as child-friendly as your home.

Children like to explore new surroundings, so make sure they don't go far on their own. Ask your hosts to place medicines and cleaning products out of sight and out of reach. Make sure you also check features such as ponds, barbecues and garden tools.

A few simple steps, such as nominating an adult to watch the children at a party, can reduce the risks.

Read more about preventing accidents to children.

Tips to protect your child from the sun

  • Use a sun protection factor (SPF) cream of 15 or more.
  • Cover them up with a hat and T-shirt.
  • Spend time in the shade between 11am and 3pm.  

Be safe around water

"Water fascinates young kids," says David. "It's great fun and great exercise, but any of us can drown.

"Even the best supervisors and carers can get briefly distracted, and all it takes to drown is three minutes face-down in water."

In 2012, 18 children under the age of 15 drowned in the UK. This included four at the beach or coast, and five in the bath. Among the 16-19 age group, 24 people drowned, at sites including beaches, rivers, canals and lakes. Seven of these happened while swimming, and three from jumping or diving into water. 


Younger children between two and six years old are particularly vulnerable to drowning in features such as ponds or small water containers.

"Between 5 and 10 children a year drown in garden ponds," says David. "If you've got a toddler, the best thing to do is fill the pond in with sand to make a sand pit. Otherwise, cover the pond with a substantial grille, or put a fence around it."

Open water

Older children, especially teenagers, are most at risk from features near to homes such as rivers, lakes, flooded quarries and coastal water near to the shore. Having an early conversation with teens about the risks of colder, open water is important.

Even the strongest swimmer can be affected by cold water shock, which affects your ability to control breathing. This can lead to gasping, panic and  in the worst cases – drowning. Cold water shock can start in water of 15C  the average temperature of the sea around Britain is 12C.

Choosing to swim at a lifeguarded beach or lido is the safest option. Get in slowly, choose shallow spots, and if you're at the beach, check for dangerous currents and tides. Always follow local safety advice if you are going into open water.

Read more about beach safety.

Holiday pools, villas and hotels

Holidays can be the highlight of the summer. When booking a holiday, check the following:

  • Does the pool have a lifeguard or pool attendant? It is often the case that a pool attendant is only responsible for keeping the poolside clean, rather than ensuring safety in the water. 
  • Does the pool have a barrier? In many countries, such as France, this is now the law. Having a fence is particularly important at villas if you have younger children.

Safety check list

Remember these safety tips if you and your family are visiting an area where there is water:

  • Go for a walk around the pool, beach, lake or river, looking for any hazards (such as rocks) and where the emergency equipment is.
  • Ask if there is a lifeguard on duty  remember, a pool attendant isn't the same as a lifeguard and might not have the same qualifications
  • Read the water safety information signs at the beach, and ask a lifeguard or tourist information officer where the safest area is to swim.
  • Ask if there are any dangerous currents or tides.
  • Consider taking a short (one or two-hour) course in first aid and the key things to know in an emergency

Finally, holidays and the summer months are a great time for children to learn swimming and water safety skills. Many councils and holiday companies offer intensive courses.

The RoSPA website provides factsheets on a range of topics, including child safety and water safety.

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office offers Know Before You Go travel safety advice.

Preventing accidents at home

Katrina Phillips of the Child Accident Prevention Trust explains how to make your home childproof and prevent avoidable accidents.

Media last reviewed: 21/04/2017

Next review due: 21/04/2020

Page last reviewed: 03/07/2014

Next review due: 30/04/2017


How helpful is this page?

Average rating

Based on 11 ratings

All ratings

4  ratings
4  ratings
1  ratings
1  ratings
1  ratings

Add your rating

Services near you

Find addresses, phone numbers and websites for services near you

How to apply sunscreen

An expert explains why it is important to protect your skin from sunburn to help avoid skin cancer. She also gives advice on how to apply sunscreen correctly and what to look out for when buying sun cream.

Media last reviewed: 03/05/2016

Next review due: 03/08/2018

Teaching your child to stay safe

Simple safety ideas to teach young children, such as what to do if they get lost

First aid kit for babies

Every year, more than a million children have an accident at home. Make sure your first aid kit is stocked and ready

Beach safety

To make the most of your time at the seaside, be informed about the dangers and follow these simple safety tips

Free family activities

Here are a few ideas for healthy activities that cost little or nothing