Occupational therapy helps people

Occupational therapy helps people
do as much as they can for themselves.

So to be more independent
with day-to-day activities.

And it might be people
who have mental health problems,

or physical problems,
or learning disabilities, or dementia,

to work towards goals
they want to achieve in life.

This might be simple tasks
such as shopping,

cooking for themselves,
getting themselves washed and dressed,

or it could be longer term things
like work experience

or succeeding at education.

When somebody first comes
into occupational therapy

usually something called an assessment
will take place.

This is where the occupational therapist

sees the person
doing day-to-day activities,

it might be anything
from making a cup of tea

to going out, accessing different
college environments for example.

And then after that
the occupational therapist will work out

what practical day-to-day things
that person is struggling with.

So people who say have had a stroke
may only have the use of one arm,

so it might be that we teach them
how to do one-handed tasks,

or to get them
to use their other arm again.

We'd do a lot of practising
and grade the activity,

so make tea making quite simple
in the first instance.

Set things up so they get used
to doing it for themselves.

You'll find us working in hospitals
or in community settings.

So in hospitals we might do
some ward based work with patients.

We might work with them in a kitchen

getting them used to
doing different activities,

or we might see them in the bathrooms

and see where they're struggling
and what equipment they might need.

It might also be that we're starting
with them in the communities,

so how we can keep them out of hospital
or from going into care.

We might provide them with equipment
or do adaptations to their homes

so that they can continue to live there.

Nowadays, I think, a lot more employers

are open to employing people
who have a disability,

so it might be that we have to change
the workplace somewhat.

And that could be
the physical surroundings,

making things
more accessible for people,

or it could also be
the social surroundings,

helping employers understand
that person's problems

and what they might need
to accommodate them.

You could get one bus up to here
and get another bus along here.

A lot of it is about teaching people
to live independently.

It opens doors for them and they have
this opportunity to try something.

They may need some help
to do that in the first instance,

but gradually, step by step,
they become more able

and it might be
that they become independent

and can do it
all for themselves in the end.

It might be that they can't,

but they still have that opportunity
to participate in that.