Vomiting in children and babies 

  • Overview

Introduction 

Fever and vomiting

Find out if your child's fever and vomiting is a sign of a serious illness or the result of a common virus with no cause for alarm.

Media last reviewed: 02/10/2013

Next review due: 02/10/2015

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It is normal for babies and children to vomit. In most cases, the vomiting will last no longer than one to two days and is not a sign of anything serious.

The most common cause of vomiting in both children and babies is gastroenteritis. This is an infection of the gut usually caused by a virus or bacteria. It also causes diarrhoea. Your child's immune system will usually fight off the infection after a few days.

Babies also often vomit when they swallow lots of air during feeding. However, persistent vomiting can sometimes be a sign of something more serious, including a severe infection such as meningitis.

This page outlines what to do if your child keeps vomiting and describes some of the common causes of vomiting in children and babies.

If your child has a high temperature, you can also read about fever in children.

What to do

If your child vomits, you should monitor their condition carefully. Trust your instincts and call your GP immediately if you are worried.

If the cause is just a tummy bug, your child should still be feeling well enough to eat, play and be their usual self. In this case, keep feeding them as normal and offer them regular drinks.

But if they do not seem themself – for example, if they are floppy, irritable, less responsive or have lost their appetite – they may be seriously ill, so you should contact your GP immediately.

When to call your GP

You should contact your GP if:

  • your child has been vomiting for more than 24 hours
  • your child has not been able to hold down fluids for the last eight hours, or you think they are dehydrated 
  • they are floppy, irritable, won't eat their food, or they are not their usual self
  • they have severe tummy pain
  • they have a headache and stiff neck 

    Signs of dehydration

    Severe vomiting and diarrhoea can easily lead to dehydration, particularly in young babies. This means your child's body does not have enough water or the right balance of salts to function normally.

    Children who are dehydrated often feel and look unwell. The signs of dehydration are:

    • a dry mouth
    • crying without producing tears
    • urinating less or not wetting many nappies
    • increased thirst
    • floppiness

    Read more about dehydration.

    Looking after your child

    The most important thing you can do if your child is vomiting is to make sure they keep drinking fluids.

    If your baby is vomiting, carry on breastfeeding. If they seem dehydrated, they will need extra fluids. Ask your pharmacist whether they would recommend oral rehydration fluids for your baby.

    Oral rehydration fluid is a special powder that you make into a drink. It contains sugar and salts in specific amounts to help replace the water and salts lost through vomiting and diarrhoea.

    Children who are vomiting should keep taking small sips of fluid so they don't become dehydrated. They can drink water, diluted squash, diluted fruit juice or semi-skimmed milk.

    However, if they also have diarrhoea, fruit juice and squash should be avoided. Again, your GP or pharmacist may recommend an oral rehydration solution for your child.

    Contact your GP or practice nurse if your child is unable to hold down oral rehydration solution.

    Causes of vomiting in children

    There are a number of possible causes of vomiting in children, which are described below.

    Gastroenteritis

    Gastroenteritis is an infection of the gut. It's a common cause of vomiting in children and usually lasts a few days.

    Food allergy

    Food allergies can cause vomiting in children, as well as other symptoms, such as:

    • a raised, red, itchy skin rash (urticaria), which can either affect just one part of the body or spread across the entire body – in some cases the skin can turn red and itchy but there is no raised rash
    • swelling of the face, around the eyes, lips, tongue or the roof of the mouth 

    Watch out for foods that may bring on vomiting and see whether your child is better after avoiding these foods.

    Serious infections

    Young children are particularly at risk of developing infections such as pneumonia or a kidney infection.

    You should contact your child's GP if they are experiencing symptoms of an infection.

    Appendicitis

    Appendicitis is a medical emergency and your child's appendix will need to be removed. Dial 999 to request an ambulance if you think that your child has appendicitis.

    Poison

    Accidentally swallowing a drug or poison can cause vomiting in children. If you think this is the case, contact your GP immediately or take your child to your nearest accident and emergency (A&E) department

    Causes of vomiting in babies

    These include:

    • swallowing lots of air during feeding
    • gastroenteritis (an infection of the gut)
    • food allergy or milk intolerance
    • gastro-oesophageal reflux – where stomach acid escapes back up the gullet 
    • too big a hole in the bottle teat, which causes your baby to drink too much milk
    • accidentally swallowing a drug or poison
    • congenital pyloric stenosis – a condition that is present at birth where the passage from the stomach to the bowel has narrowed, so food is unable to pass through easily; this causes projectile vomiting
    • a strangulated hernia – your baby will vomit frequently and cry as if they are in a lot of pain; this should be treated as a medical emergency
    • a bowel condition, such as intussusception (where the bowel telescopes in on itself) – as well as vomiting, your baby will look pale, floppy and have symptoms of dehydration 

    Page last reviewed: 20/05/2013

    Next review due: 20/05/2015

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    Comments

    The 2 comments posted are personal views. Any information they give has not been checked and may not be accurate.

    Pof4 said on 16 October 2014

    Yes, I was also interested in hearing about suitable foods for a vomiting child (who is feeling hungry).

    Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

    Armendariz said on 12 October 2014

    I was expecting to see whether I can give food and teas which are helpful to cure gastroenteritis.

    Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

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