Pregnancy and baby

Pregnant with twins

In recent years, fertility treatments and the fact that women are having babies later has made multiple births more common.

In 2012, more than 12,400 sets of twins and more than 226 sets of triplets or more were born in the UK. That means that about 1 in every 64 births in the UK today are twins, triplets or more. This is a big increase from 1978, when 1 in every 100 births was a multiple birth. 

Different types of twins

One-third of all twins will be identical and two-thirds non-identical.

Identical twins

Identical (monozygotic) twins happen when a single egg (zygote) is fertilised. The egg then divides in two, creating identical twins who share the same genes. Identical twins are always the same sex, so if your twins are identical, you'll have two girls or two boys and they'll look very alike.

Non-identical twins

Non-identical (dizygotic) twins happen when two separate eggs are fertilised and then implant into the woman's womb (uterus). These non-identical twins are no more alike than any other two siblings. Non-identical twins are more common. The babies may be of the same sex or different sexes.

Are you carrying twins?

You might suspect that you are carrying more than one baby if:

  • you seem bigger than you should be for your dates
  • twins run in your family
  • you have had fertility treatment

It is usually possible to find out if you're having twins through your dating ultrasound scan, which happens when you are 8-14 weeks pregnant.

At the scan, you should be told whether the babies share a placenta (meaning they are identical) or if they have two separate placentas (meaning they can be identical or not). If this is not clear from the first scan, you should be offered another one.

One-third of identical twins have separate placentas. This occurs when the fertilised egg splits before implanting in the uterus, up to four days after conception.

What causes twins?

Nobody knows what causes identical (monozygotic) twins. All pregnant women have approximately the same chance of having identical twins – about 1 in 350-400. Identical twins do not run in families.

However, there are some factors that make having non-identical twins more likely:

  • non-identical twins are more common in some ethnic groups, with the highest rate among Nigerians and the lowest among Japanese
  • older mothers are more likely to have non-identical twins because they are more likely to release more than one egg during ovulation
  • non-identical twins run on the mother's side of the family, probably because of an inherited tendency to release more than one egg

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) can increase the chance of twins as more than one embryo may be transferred. After natural conception, about 1 in 80 births in the UK results in multiples, compared with 1 in 5 after IVF.

How can I tell if my twins are identical?

The most accurate way to tell if twins are identical is through a DNA test. This can only be done after your babies are born.

The placenta could also provide clues. If your first ultrasound scan is done before 14 weeks, it should be possible to tell accurately what kind of placenta your twins have. Otherwise, the placenta can be examined after your babies are born. However, neither of these methods is foolproof.

Read more about the different types of twins.

More detailed information on how to find out whether twins or triplets are identical and if DNA testing is available on the Multiple Births Foundation website


Page last reviewed: 04/06/2014

Next review due: 04/06/2016

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The 2 comments posted are personal views. Any information they give has not been checked and may not be accurate.

Clairlnewbury said on 06 October 2013

I find it offensive and extremely irritating as a mum to two beautiful , gorgeous , amazing and wonderful babies that at the end of your supposed twin knowledge you add on a video headed " Coping with twins " as if it is a hardship !

Yes - it's a lot of physical , mental and emotional work ... but multiple mums do not cope ! There is no reason to cope , not when we have double the joy , love , cuddles and so much more from multiple births ! To cope is to endure , to exist and to survive ... Please do not insult us again or put unnecessary fear into future multiple mums by using such a patronising low grade word !

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shashi kanth said on 20 October 2010

how about the sharing of chromosomes in identical twins
i will be very thankful if get some information regarding this
with regards

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Media last reviewed: 12/06/2014

Next review due: 12/06/2016