Eggs

Eggs are a good source of protein, but it's important to store, handle and prepare them properly.

Eggs are a good choice as part of a healthy, balanced diet. As well as being a source of protein, they also contain vitamins and minerals. They can be part of a healthy meal that's quick and easy to make.

However, to avoid any risk of food poisoning, it's important to store, handle and cook eggs properly. This advice especially applies to people in vulnerable groups, including the very young, the unwell, pregnant women and elderly people.

Eggs and your diet

Eggs are a good source of:

There is no recommended limit on how many eggs people should eat. But to get the nutrients you need, make sure you eat as varied a diet as possible.

You can learn more about healthy eating in A balanced diet.

Eggs and cholesterol

Eggs contain cholesterol, and having high cholesterol levels in our blood increases our risk of heart disease.

However, the amount of saturated fat we eat has more effect on the amount of cholesterol in our blood than eating eggs does.

If your GP or health professional has told you to watch your cholesterol levels, your priority should be to cut down on saturated fat. You can get advice in Eat less saturated fat.

If you are eating a balanced diet, you only need to cut down on eggs if you have been told to do so by your GP or dietitian.

Egg safety

Eating raw eggs, eggs with runny yolks or any food that is uncooked or only lightly cooked and contains raw eggs can cause food poisoning, especially in anyone who is in an ‘at risk’ group. These groups include:

  • babies and toddlers
  • elderly people
  • pregnant women
  • people who are already unwell

This is because eggs may contain salmonella bacteria, which can cause serious illness.

When eating raw or lightly cooked eggs, using pasteurised eggs minimises this risk, because the pasteurisation process kills salmonella.

Pasteurisation is a heat treatment that uses high temperatures to kill bacteria. However, most eggs you can buy in the shops are not pasteurised. Pasteurised eggs often come in liquid, dried or frozen form.

If you are preparing food – especially food that won’t be cooked or will only be lightly cooked – for people who are in an ‘at risk’ group, you can choose pasteurised eggs as the safest option.

When using normal, unpasteurised eggs, bear in mind the importance of:

  • storing eggs safely
  • avoiding the spread of bacteria from eggs to other foods, utensils or work surfaces
  • cooking eggs properly – ensuring both white and yolk are solid will kill any bacteria

People who are not in vulnerable groups who eat soft-boiled eggs or foods containing lightly cooked eggs should not experience any health problems, but cooking eggs thoroughly is the safest option if you are concerned about food poisoning.

Foods containing raw eggs

Foods that are made with raw eggs and then not cooked, or only lightly cooked, can cause food poisoning. This is because any bacteria in the eggs won't be killed.

Any of the following might contain raw eggs:

  • homemade mayonnaise
  • hollandaise and béarnaise sauces
  • salad dressings
  • ice cream
  • icing
  • mousse
  • tiramisu

If you are making these foods yourself, using pasteurised eggs is the safest choice.

Most commercially produced mayonnaise, salad dressings, sauces, ice cream, desserts or ready-made icing are made with pasteurised eggs. Check the label, or contact the manufacturer if you are unclear whether the food was made with pasteurised eggs.

If you're concerned about raw egg when eating out or buying food, ask the person serving you.

Storing eggs safely

Storing eggs safely helps to make sure the bacteria from the eggs and eggshells do not spread.

Here are some tips to help you store your eggs safely:

  • Store eggs in a cool, dry place, ideally in the fridge. Eggs need to be stored at a constant temperate below 20C and in most domestic kitchens, the fridge is the best place to keep them.
  • Store eggs away from other foods. It's a good idea to use your fridge's egg tray, if you have one, because this helps to keep eggs separate.
  • Eat dishes containing eggs as soon as possible after you've prepared them. If you're not planning to eat them straight away, cool them quickly and then keep them in the fridge for up to two days. Cakes can safely be stored somewhere cool and dry as long as they don’t contain any additions such as custard or cream.
  • If you have a hard-boiled egg that you want to keep in the fridge, don't leave it more than 2-3 days.

Avoiding the spread of bacteria

Bacteria can spread very easily from eggs to other foods, as well as hands, utensils and worktops.

There can be bacteria on the eggshell as well as inside the egg, so take care when handling them.

These tips can help avoid the spread of bacteria:

  • Keep eggs away from other foods, both when they are in the shell and after you have cracked them.
  • Be careful not to splash egg onto other foods, worktops or dishes.
  • Always wash and dry your hands thoroughly after touching eggs or working with them.
  • Clean surfaces, dishes and utensils thoroughly, using warm soapy water, after working with eggs.
  • Don't use eggs with damaged shells, because dirt or bacteria might have got inside them.

Find out more about how to store food safely.

'Best before' dates of eggs

Eggs can be eaten a day or two after their ‘best before’ date as long as they are cooked thoroughly until both yolk and white are solid, or if they are used in dishes where they will be fully cooked, such as a cake.

Cooking eggs until both the white and yolk are solid will kill any bacteria, such as salmonella.

People who are in ‘at-risk’ groups should only eat eggs, or food containing eggs, that have been thoroughly cooked.

Page last reviewed: 09/03/2013

Next review due: 09/03/2015

Ratings

How helpful is this page?

Average rating

Based on 182 ratings

All ratings

Add your rating

Comments

The 3 comments posted are personal views. Any information they give has not been checked and may not be accurate.

DEGBOE MARTIN said on 27 October 2014

Thanks very much for your education on some of this vital health issues,i now know that cooking an egg partially can lead to contracting of Salmonella.I thought the partial cooking is the best, thanks for your education. From Martin,Ghana.

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

LittleTyke said on 29 October 2013

Isn't the risk of salmonella now greatly reduced since the advent of mass vaccination of egg-laying poultry?

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

TedHutchinson said on 29 April 2013

There is a full text copy of pubmed/22208554 paper free oline "Saturated fat and cardiovascular disease: the discrepancy between the scientific literature and dietary advice."

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

Preventing and reducing high cholesterol

Too much cholesterol in the body causes coronary diseases such as angina, heart attack and stroke. Dr Jonathan Morrell explains who is at risk and the treatments that are available.

Media last reviewed: 21/02/2013

Next review due: 21/02/2015

Kids' food

Children talk about food, and life coach Debbie Lewis suggests ways to encourage your child to eat more healthily.

Media last reviewed: 25/10/2013

Next review due: 25/10/2015

Ten ways to prevent food poisoning

How to prevent food poisoning, including tips on hand washing, food storage and thorough cooking

Five healthy breakfasts

Get into the habit of eating breakfast with these delicious calorie-counted breakfasts

5 A DAY

Whether you're cooking for a family or eating on the run, our tips and recipes can help you get your 5 A DAY

Vegetarians and vegans

Advice on healthy and balanced vegetarian and vegan diets including essential nutrients

Food safety

How to prevent food poisoning at home, including E. coli, with advice on food safety and keeping germs in check