Vaccinations

Childhood vaccines timeline

These are the routine vaccinations that are offered free of charge on the NHS to all babies and children in the UK.

5-in-1 vaccine

Protects against: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio and Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b)

Given at: two, three and four months of age

Read more about the 5-in-1 vaccine

Pneumococcal or pneumo jab (PCV)

Protects against: some types of pneumococcal infection

Given at: two, four and 12-13 months of age

Read more about the pneumococcal jab

Rotavirus vaccine

Protects against: rotavirus infection, a common cause of childhood diarrhoea and sickness

Given at: two and three months of age

Read more about the rotavirus vaccine

Meningitis C (Men C)

Protects against: meningitis C (meningococcal type C)

Given at: three months and 12-13 months of age, and as a teenage booster at age 13-15 (from September 2013)

Read more about the Men C jab

Hib/Men C (booster)

Protects against: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and meningitis C

Given at: 12-13 months of age

Read more about the Hib/Men C booster

MMR 

Protects against: measles, mumps and rubella

Given at: 12-13 months and at three years and four months of age, or sometime thereafter

Read more about the MMR jab

Children's flu vaccine

Protects against: flu

Given at: annually as a nasal spray in Sept/Oct for ages two, three and four

Read more about the flu vaccine for children

4-in-1 pre-school booster

Protects against: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio

Given at: three years and four months of age, or soon after

Read more about the DTaP/IPV pre-school booster

HPV vaccine (girls only)

Protects against: cervical cancer

Given at: 12-13 years as two injections at least six months apart (but no more than 24 months apart)

Read more about the HPV vaccine

3-in-1 teenage booster

Protects against: tetanus, diphtheria and polio

Given at: 13-18 years

Read more about the 3-in-1 teenage booster

Optional vaccinations

These vaccinations are offered on the NHS in addition to the routine programme to "at-risk" groups of babies and children.

Chickenpox vaccination (varicella)

Protects against: chickenpox

Who needs it: siblings of children who have suppressed immune systems and are susceptible to chickenpox, for example because they're having cancer treatment or have had an organ transplant.

Given: from one year of age upwards (one dose for children from one year to 12 years, two doses given four to eight weeks apart for children aged 13 years or older)

Read more about the chickenpox jab

BCG (tuberculosis) vaccination

Protects against: tuberculosis (TB)

Who needs it: babies and children who have a high chance of coming into contact with tuberculosis

Given: from birth to 16 years of age

Read more about the BCG vaccine

Flu vaccination

Protects against: flu

Who needs it: children with certain medical conditions or a weakened immune system, which may put them at risk of complications from flu

Given: for children between the ages of six months and two years as a single jab every year in September/November. For children aged two to 17 years of age as a nasal spray every year in September/November

Read more about the nasal spray flu vaccine

Read more about the flu jab

Hepatitis B vaccination

Protects against: hepatitis B

Who needs it: children at high risk of exposure to hepatitis B, and babies born to infected mothers

Given: at any age, as four doses are given over 12 months  a baby born to a mother infected with hepatitis B will be offered a dose at birth, one month of age, two months of age and one year of age

Read more about the hepatitis B vaccine


Page last reviewed: 16/07/2014

Next review due: 16/07/2016

Ratings

How helpful is this page?

Average rating

Based on 124 ratings

All ratings

Add your rating

Comments

The 8 comments posted are personal views. Any information they give has not been checked and may not be accurate.

Orange Bowl said on 15 August 2014

As a child I was given a BCG vaccination which left a huge scar and mark at the point of needle entry and where the skin bubbled up after the vaccination.

The NHS Choices website does not mention scarring in any part of the vaccination pages. Does anyone know if there is any way of reducing the visibility of the scar ?

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

AmyBZ said on 29 July 2014

I am due to give birth the beginning of January but my partner will be starting a job in Vietnam in the middle of January. In order to ensure he loses as little time with his newborn as possible, I want to meet him as soon as we have a passport and visa for the baby. However, I am very concerned about the vaccinations required. The vaccinations listed above are largely from 2 months old. Will my newborn be too young to receive the standard child vaccinations plus any required for travelling to Vietnam?
Thank you for any help you may be able to offer.

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

svetlanaprod said on 01 July 2014

I am a British citizen and moved abroad but my daughter is due for 3 years and 4 months vaccine.
She had all previous vaccine up to date given in UK but as we are not now living in the UK any more I was wondering could my mum,she still live in UK buy over the counter or in pharmacy this vaccine in the UK?
Country that we are living now in, has a completely different system for vaccine.
I would appreciate reply.
Thanks

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

Yayu1000 said on 28 April 2014

Hi, my son is 8 weeks old and we are visiting the uk for 3 months. I want to get him vaccinated but the local gp will not register him as he's a visitor.

The private gps i called don't do the vaccines. Is there a place to get him vaccinated on the nhs for a fee?

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

Kathryn at NHS Choices said on 12 March 2014

Dear Baby Stratos,
I asked Public Health England's immunisation team for advice and this is what they recommend:
If you intend to remain in the UK for the foreseeable future, it is important for your child to be vaccinated according to the UK schedule. Vaccines such as Pediacel and Infanrix IPV-HIB administered as part of the primary immunisation schedule are interchangeable and therefore can be used to complete the course. Unfortunately, there are no studies that address the interchangeability of Rotateq and Rotarix vaccines. Where possible, completion of a course of rotavirus vaccine should be with vaccine from the same manufacturer. If this is not feasible and your child remains eligible to receive the vaccine, it may be appropriate for your child to receive two doses of Rotarix whilst in the UK. Please discuss this directly with your GP so they can address any safety concerns you may have and make an assessment of the need for future vaccines during your child’s stay in the UK.
Hope this helps,
Kathryn Bingham, NHS Choices editor

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

Baby Stratos said on 04 March 2014

Hi Kathryn,
I would much appreciate your help on the below:
My 9-week son had his 1st set of vaccines at 8 weeks in Greece.
He had 5-in-1 (DTaP/IPV/Hib), PCV and Rotavirus. Regarding the vaccines brands had Infanrix IPV Hib 5, Prevenar 13 and Rotateq.
We are now settled in UK and he will continue and complete the series according to the NHS vaccination schedule.
According to the NHS schedule the vaccine brands offered for the 5-in1 is Pediacel and for Rotavirus is the Rotarix. I know that RotaTeq is recommended as a 3-dose series and the usual schedule is at ages 2, 4, and 6 months but Rotarix is recommended as a 2-dose series!
My question is can the vaccines Infanrix&Pediacel and Rotateq&Rotarix be used interchangeably? If yes, could this be safe and what are the possible side effects? And how many doses of rotavirus vaccines he should have and when? In any case what is the schedule that should we follow?
I look forward to your reply as I am really confused and stressed regarding that. Thank you in advance.
Best wishes
Iro Makri

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

Kathryn at NHS Choices said on 21 February 2014

Dear Ruby1975,

Do consider taking this up with your local NHS Area Team. They may be able to advise you on where else to go. For example they may be able to facilitate arrangements with a neighbouring GP practice.

You can find contact details for your local NHS Area team here: http://www.england.nhs.uk/about/regional-area-teams/

Best wishes,
Kathryn Bingham, NHS Choices editor

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

Ruby1975 said on 14 January 2014

You're encourage to immunise your child - yet my doctors surgery only do vaccinations one day a week - which is a day I work - have been told they have to be on a Thursday & there is no where else I can take my child - so either I take him on a Thursday or he won't be vaccinated!

Report this content as offensive or unsuitable

Vaccines and your child's immune system

Scientific studies have shown that vaccines do not overload a child's immune system. Watch this short animation to find out why.

Media last reviewed: 09/07/2013

Next review due: 09/07/2015

Protect your child against measles

Find out more about the MMR jab

Protect your daughter against cervical cancer

Find out more about the HPV vaccination

Search for services