Introduction 

Feeling thirsty all the time and for no good reason isn't normal and should be investigated by your GP.

Thirst is normally just the brain's way of warning that you're dehydrated because you're not drinking enough fluid. But excessive and persistent thirst (known as polydipsia) could be a sign of an underlying problem such as diabetes.

Common causes of thirst

Dehydration

You will usually feel thirsty because you're not drinking the amount of fluid your body needs. This may be because you've been sweating heavily or you've lost fluid because you have diarrhoea and are vomiting.

You can soon quench your thirst and restore the fluid balance in your body by having a drink and ensuring you remain well hydrated.

It's particularly important to stay well hydrated during hot weather, while exercising and while you're unwell with vomiting and diarrhoea. Read more about how much you should drink.

Food

In some cases, thirst may be caused by something as simple as a recent meal or snack. Eating salty or spicy foods can cause you to suddenly feel thirsty.

Diabetes

If you feel thirsty all the time, it could be a sign of diabetes – particularly if you also have other symptoms such as needing to urinate frequently, extreme tiredness (fatigue) and unexplained weight loss.

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that makes it difficult to control the level of sugar (glucose) in your blood. The high levels of glucose can mean your kidneys need to produce more urine to help pass the glucose out of your body. This can make you feel thirsty because your brain is telling you to drink more to make up for the fluids you've lost.

If you feel thirsty all the time and have other symptoms, your GP will probably carry out a blood glucose test to see whether you have diabetes.

Pregnancy

Feeling thirsty, as well as urinating more often than usual, is a common symptom in pregnancy and usually nothing to worry about. Read more about urinating a lot in pregnancy.

Very occasionally, these problems can be a sign of gestational diabetes (a type of diabetes that affects women during pregnancy). You should be screened for this as part of your antenatal care if you're at risk.

Medication

Excessive thirst can sometimes be a side effect of certain types of medication, including lithium, certain antipsychotics and diuretics (water tablets).

If you think a particular medicine is causing your thirst, it may be possible to change to a different medicine or reduce your dose. Speak to your GP about this.

Other causes of thirst

There are also many other potential causes of severe thirst. These include:

  • diabetes insipidus – a condition caused by problems with a hormone that regulates the amount of fluid in the body
  • diabetic ketoacidosis – a dangerous complication of diabetes caused by a lack of the hormone insulin in the body
  • sickle cell anaemia – an inherited blood disorder
  • psychogenic polydipsia – where a person with a mental health condition, such as schizophrenia, drinks excessive amounts of water that can't be excreted (got rid of) by the kidneys
  • excessive bleeding



Dry mouth

Some people think they're thirsty when they actually have a dry mouth. It's important to know the difference between the two because they can have different causes.

For example, a dry mouth can be caused by feelings of anxiety, certain medications, or Sjögren's syndrome.

Page last reviewed: 13/04/2015

Next review due: 13/04/2017