Pregnancy and baby

Food safety and hygiene

How can I make sure the food I give my baby is safe? (9 to 30 months)

Media last reviewed: 03/03/2015

Next review due: 03/03/2017

Feeding your baby safely

Remember, you should always stay with your baby while they are eating in case they choke.

If your child does choke and cannot breathe properly, shout for help, pick up your child and support their chest and chin with one hand. 

Give five sharp blows between the shoulder blades with the heel of the other hand to help dislodge the object. 

Read more about helping a choking child.

Food safety and hygiene

Babies and young children are especially vulnerable to the bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Ensure your baby is not at risk as a result of food preparation and serving.

  • Always wash your hands well before preparing food and after touching raw meat, fish and eggs. 
  • Teach your children to wash their hands after touching pets and going to the toilet, and before eating.
  • Keep surfaces clean and keep any pets away from food or surfaces where food is prepared.
  • Thoroughly wash all bowls and spoons used for feeding in hot soapy water and keep chopping boards and utensils thoroughly clean.
  • Keep raw meats covered and away from other foods in the fridge including cooked or ready to eat meats – it’s best to store raw meats in clean covered containers at the bottom of the fridge to prevent any drips from falling on to other foods.
  • Cook all food thoroughly and cool it until lukewarm before giving it to your baby.
  • Don’t save and reuse foods that your child has half eaten. 
  • Wash and peel fruit and vegetables such as apples and carrots.
  • Avoid raw eggs, including uncooked cake mixture, homemade ice creams, mayonnaise or desserts that contain uncooked egg.
  • Cook eggs until the yolk and the white are firm.
  • If you wish to prepare foods that normally contain raw or partially cooked eggs, you should consider using pasteurised egg, which is available from some supermarkets.
  • Avoid eating raw or lightly cooked shellfish. Children should only eat shellfish that has been thoroughly cooked.
  • Don’t give children food or drink when they’re sitting on the potty.

Storing and reheating food

  • Cool food as quickly as possible (ideally within one to two hours) and put it in the fridge or freezer. Food placed in the fridge should be eaten within two days.
  • Frozen food should be thoroughly defrosted before reheating. The safest way to do this is to leave it in the fridge overnight or use the defrost setting on a microwave.
  • When reheating food, make sure it’s steaming hot all the way through then let it cool down before giving it to your child. If you’re using a microwave, always stir the food and check the temperature before feeding it to your child. Don’t reheat cooked food more than once.
  • To cool food quickly, put it in an airtight container and hold it under a cold running tap. Stir it from time to time so that it cools consistently all the way through.

Page last reviewed: 23/09/2013

Next review due: 23/09/2015


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