Contraception guide

Female sterilisation

A woman can get pregnant if a man’s sperm reaches one of her eggs (ova). Contraception tries to stop this happening by keeping the egg and sperm apart or by stopping egg production. One method of contraception is female sterilisation.

Female sterilisation is usually carried out under general anaesthetic, but can be carried out under local anaesthetic, depending on the method used. The surgery involves blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes, which link the ovaries to the womb (uterus). 

This prevents the woman’s eggs from reaching sperm and becoming fertilised. Eggs will still be released from the ovaries as normal, but they will be absorbed naturally into the woman's body.  

At a glance: facts about female sterilisation

  • In most cases, female sterilisation is more than 99% effective, and only one woman in 200 will become pregnant in her lifetime after having it done. 
  • You don't have to think about it every day, or every time you have sex, so it doesn't interrupt or affect your sex life. 
  • Sterilisation can be carried out at any stage of the menstrual cycle. It won't affect hormone levels.
  • You'll still have periods after being sterilised.
  • You will need to use contraception until the operation is done and until your next period or for three months afterwards (depending on the type of sterilisation).
  • As with any surgery, there's a small risk of complications. These include internal bleeding, infection or damage to other organs. 
  • There's a small risk that the operation won't work. Blocked tubes can rejoin immediately or years later. 
  • If the operation fails, this may increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when a fertilised egg implants outside the womb, usually in a fallopian tube). 
  • The sterilisation operation is difficult to reverse.
  • Female sterilisation doesn't protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), so always use a condom to protect yourself and your partner against them.

How female sterilisation works

Female sterilisation works by preventing eggs from travelling down the fallopian tubes. This means a woman's eggs cannot meet sperm, and fertilisation cannot happen.

How female sterilisation is carried out 

Before the operation

Recovering after the operation

How female sterilisation is carried out

There are two main types of female sterilisation:

  • when your fallopian tubes are blocked – for example, with clips or rings (tubal occlusion)  
  • when implants are used to block your fallopian tubes (hysteroscopic sterilisation, or HS) 

It can be a fairly minor operation, with many women returning home the same day. Sterilisation is usually carried out using tubal occlusion.

Tubal occlusion

First, your surgeon will need to access and examine your fallopian tubes, using either laparoscopy or mini-laparotomy.

A laparoscopy is the most common method of accessing the fallopian tubes. The surgeon makes a small cut in your abdominal wall near your belly button and inserts a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a small flexible tube that contains a tiny light and camera. The camera relays images of the inside of your body to a television monitor. This allows the surgeon to see your fallopian tubes clearly.

A mini-laparotomy involves a small incision, usually less than 5cm (2 inches), just above the pubic hairline. Your surgeon can then access your fallopian tubes through this incision.

A laparoscopy is usually the preferred option because it is faster. However, a mini-laparotomy may be recommended for women who:

Blocking the tubes

The fallopian tubes can be blocked using one of the following methods:

  • applying clips – plastic or titanium clamps are closed over the fallopian tubes 
  • applying rings – a small loop of the fallopian tube is pulled through a silicone ring, then clamped shut 
  • tying and cutting the tube – this destroys 3-4cm (1-1.5 inches) of the tube

Hysteroscopic sterilisation (fallopian implants)

You can get contraception at:

  • most GP surgeries
  • community contraception clinics
  • some GUM clinics
  • sexual health clinics
  • some young people's services

Find a clinic near you

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published guidance about hysteroscopic sterilisation. In the UK, the brand name of the hysteroscopic sterilisation technique is Essure.

The implants are usually inserted under local anaesthetic, and the procedure doesn't require cuts to be made in your abdomen (stomach). You may also be given a sedative to relax you.

A narrow tube with a telescope at the end, called a hysteroscope, is passed through your vagina and cervix. A guidewire is used to insert a tiny piece of titanium metal (called a microinsert) into the hysteroscope, then into each of your fallopian tubes. This means that the surgeon does not need to cut into your body.

The implant causes the fallopian tube to form scar tissue around it, which eventually blocks the tube.

You should carry on using contraception until an imaging test has confirmed that your fallopian tubes are blocked. This can be done with one or more of the following: 

  • a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) – a type of X-ray that is taken after a special dye has been injected to show up any blockages in your fallopian tubes 
  • a hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography (HyCoSy) – a type of ultrasound scan involving injecting dye into your fallopian tubes

Removing the tubes (salpingectomy)

If blocking the fallopian tubes has been unsuccessful, the tubes may be completely removed. Removal of the tubes is called salpingectomy.

Before the operation

Your GP will strongly recommend counselling before referring you for sterilisation. Counselling will give you a chance to talk about the operation in detail, and any doubts, worries or questions that you might have.

If you decide to be sterilised, your GP will refer you to a specialist for treatment. This will usually be a gynaecologist at your nearest NHS hospital. A gynaecologist is a specialist in the female reproductive system.

If you choose to have a sterilisation, you will be asked to use contraception until the day of the operation, and to continue using it: 

  • until your next period if you are having your fallopian tubes blocked (tubal occlusion)  
  • for around three months if you are having fallopian implants (hysteroscopic sterilisation)

Sterilisation can be performed at any stage in your menstrual cycle.

Before you have the operation, you will be given a pregnancy test to make sure that you are not pregnant. It is vital to know this because once the surgeon blocks your fallopian tubes, there is a high risk that any pregnancy will become ectopic (when the fertilised egg grows outside the womb, usually in the fallopian tubes). An ectopic pregnancy can be life-threatening because it can cause severe internal bleeding.

Recovering after the operation

Once you have recovered from the anaesthetic, passed urine and had something to eat, you will be allowed home. If you leave hospital within hours of the operation, ask a relative or friend to pick you up, or take a taxi.

The healthcare professionals treating you in hospital will tell you what to expect and how to care for yourself after surgery. They may give you a contact number to call if you have any problems or any questions.

If you have had a general anaesthetic, do not drive a car for 48 hours afterwards. This is because even if you feel fine, your reaction times and judgement may not be back to normal.

How you will feel

It is normal to feel unwell and a little uncomfortable for a few days if you have had a general anaesthetic, and you may have to rest for a couple of days. Depending on your general health and your job, you can normally return to work five days after tubal occlusion. However, you should avoid heavy lifting for about a week.

You may have some slight vaginal bleeding. Use a sanitary towel rather than a tampon until this has gone. You may also feel some pain, similar to period pain. You may be prescribed painkillers for this. If the pain or bleeding gets worse, seek medical attention.

Caring for your wound

If you had tubal occlusion to block your fallopian tubes, you will have a wound with stitches where the surgeon made an incision (cut) into your stomach. Some stitches are dissolvable and disappear on their own, and some will need to be removed. If your stitches need removing, you will be given a follow-up appointment for this.

If there is a dressing over your wound, you can normally remove this the day after your operation. After this, you will be able to have a bath or shower as normal.

Having sex

Your sex drive and enjoyment of sex will not be affected. You can have sex as soon as it is comfortable to do so after the operation.

If you had tubal occlusion, you will need to use contraception until your first period to protect yourself from pregnancy.

If you had hysteroscopic sterilisation, you will need to use another form of contraception for around three months after surgery. After scans have confirmed that the implants are in the correct position, you will no longer need contraception.

Sterilisation will not protect you from STIs, so continue to use barrier contraception such as condoms if you are unsure of your partner's sexual health.

Who can have it done?

Almost any woman can be sterilised. However, sterilisation should only be considered by women who do not want any more children, or do not want children at all. Once you are sterilised it is very difficult to reverse the process, so it's important to consider the other options available before making your decision. Sterilisation reversal is not usually available on the NHS.

Surgeons are more willing to perform sterilisation when women are over 30 years old and have had children, although some younger women who have never had a baby choose it.

Advantages and disadvantages of female sterilisation


  • female sterilisation can be more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy
  • tubal occlusion (blocking the fallopian tubes) and removal of the tubes (salpingectomy) should be effective immediately – however, doctors strongly recommend that you continue to use contraception until your next period
  • hysteroscopic sterilisation is usually effective after around three months – research collected by NICE found that the fallopian tubes were blocked after three months in 96% of sterilised women

Other advantages of female sterilisation are that:

  • there are rarely any long-term effects on your sexual health
  • it will not affect your sex drive
  • it will not affect the spontaneity of sexual intercourse or interfere with sex (as other forms of contraception can)
  • it will not affect your hormone levels


  • female sterilisation does not protect you against STIs, so you should still use a condom if you are unsure about your partner's sexual health 
  • it is very difficult to reverse a tubal occlusion – this involves removing the blocked part of the fallopian tube and rejoining the ends, and reversal operations are rarely funded by the NHS


  • with tubal occlusion, there is a very small risk of complications, including internal bleeding and infection or damage to other organs
  • it is possible for sterilisation to fail – the fallopian tubes can rejoin and make you fertile again, although this is rare (about one in 200 women become pregnant in their lifetime after being sterilised)
  • if you do get pregnant after the operation, there is an increased risk that it will be an ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilised egg grows outside the womb, usually in the fallopian tubes)

If you miss a period, take a pregnancy test immediately. If the pregnancy test is positive, you must see your GP so that you can be referred for a scan to check if the pregnancy is inside or outside your womb.

With hysteroscopic sterilisation, there is a small risk of pregnancy even after your tubes have been blocked. Research collected by NICE has shown that possible complications after fallopian implants can include:

  • pain after the operation – in one study, nearly eight out of 10 women reported pain afterwards
  • the implants being inserted incorrectly – this affected two out of 100 women  
  • bleeding after the operation – many women had light bleeding after the operation, and nearly a third had bleeding for three days

Where to get contraception

Most types of contraception are available free in the UK. Contraception is free to all women and men through the NHS. You can get contraception, and information and advice about contraception, at:

  • most GP surgeries – talk to your GP or practice nurse
  • community contraceptive clinics
  • some genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics 
  • sexual health clinics – they also offer contraceptive and STI testing services
  • some young people’s services (call 0300 123 7123 for more information)

Find your nearest sexual health clinic

Contraception services are free and confidential, including for people under the age of 16.

If you're under 16 and want contraception, the doctor, nurse or pharmacist won't tell your parents (or carer) as long as they believe you fully understand the information you're given and your decisions. Doctors and nurses work under strict guidelines when dealing with people under 16. They'll encourage you to consider telling your parents, but they won't make you. The only time that a professional might want to tell someone else is if they believe you're at risk of harm, such as abuse. The risk would need to be serious, and they would usually discuss this with you first.  

Page last reviewed: 05/01/2015

Next review due: 05/01/2017


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The 36 comments posted are personal views. Any information they give has not been checked and may not be accurate.

GatorGirl said on 11 October 2015

I love being free from contraceptive worries. I had my tubes clipped in Jaunary 2015 after completing my family. It was the best decision I have made. The staff were great and I was given as much time as I needed to ask questions. I had no problems and felt recovered after 2 days. I was back at work on day 4 and the incision was small and healed really quickly and easily and is not noticeable at all. I recommend this option. .

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Janri7810 said on 22 September 2015

I had Essure procedure in October 14, all went ok during the procedure however gradually over the following months I started to get the following side effects, bloating, weight gain, heavy clotting periods, severe and constant period paid, brain fog, forgetfulness, dizziness, painful sex, frequent urination (15 to 16times a day and at least 5 at night) dry hair, brittle nails, black hairy tongue. Following hospital admission I had to have my Fallopian tubes removed in June and as there was remaining PET fibres a hysterectomy in September. I have had to have so much time off work due to this sterilisation, I am just so thankful my partner is so supportive. Thankfully a lot of my side effects are going now I am E-free
Please please look at the side effects of Essure before agreeing to placement

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Ms_KLD said on 27 August 2015

Is there a reason this guide doesn't mention discussing the issue with your partner? Lots of the comments seem to mention the important role of the partner, and the male sterilisation guide ( makes a point of telling you to discuss vasectomy with your partner, emphasising the importance of both partners agreeing to the procedure.

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Liaryforce said on 12 April 2015

This was my best decision. It was easy and simple and recovery was far quicker than you are told to expect.

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TheRef said on 13 March 2015

I am so grateful to my local NHS hospital in the care they provided for my sterlisation. We chose that I was sterilised after our second child was born. At the age of 29 it was a simple referral from my GP. She confirmed an appointment at the hospital and my operation was completed within 8 weeks.
I was so very well looked after, and my partner could not do enough to help. I had no problems and the discomfort level was much less and for less time that I had expected. I would say it was a good experience and gave me a certainty that I would not risk another pregnancy.

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mcilwain said on 24 February 2015

I was steralised February 2014, uncomfortable recovery......i fell pregnant four months later, baby is due 26th April 2015. I have had to adapt, quickly, but i know i will be just fine. My point is, 1 in 200 is not high and is usually ignored, but if it is you, your life will completely change as this is everything you are not planning for. And there is no extra financial help as you are told the chances...

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aDness1 said on 20 December 2014

I was sterlised 3 years ago. I have never looked back. Best decision ever. No complications.

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Pleakeen said on 12 December 2014

We decided to be sterilised after the birth of our second child. I was referred to my local hospital where the staff were lovely. They made sure iot was the right decision for us and took time ot talk through what I could expect.

There were no surprises. The operation was simple and far easier than anything else I had experienced in pregnancy or childbirth. My small incision marks soon heeled and it has given me such confidence knowing I have no risk of an accidental pregnancy.

I was told of the very small chances of complications but I was lucky and had no problems at all.

I would recommend it to all couples who want a permanent solution to pregnancy risk and who have completed their families.

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Me1977 said on 23 November 2014

I had my sterilisation done just over 2 years ago and ever since I've suffered bad stomach cramps and bloating to the extent where I have been asked if I'm pregnant worst thing I have ever done.

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LauraJ1234 said on 19 November 2014

I had clips on in 2009 as due to medical conditions I could not use other methods of contraception and I did not want another child. I had absolutely no regrets for 4 years however I did have very painful periods that caused me to pass out in pain (this is a known side effect but rare, google 'post tubal ligation syndrome). I didn't imagine ever being able to leave my husband but when I finally got the courage to do so I met another partner and we now want a child together.

After having just had the procedure privately reversed (this cost us 4,000) I would like to offer some cautionary advice.

I wouldn't advise against being sterilised if it is right for you, it was quick, relatively painless and the only real risk is the anaesthetic. I recovered well afterwards. However be VERY sure you want this procedure, especially if going for essure. The reversal is NOT in any way like the sterilsation, I have been off work for almost 5 weeks, I am still uncomfortable, the operation is similar to a c-section so recovery can take up to 3 months. I now have one working ovary so no guarantees. It is also worth noting that the clips are the easiest to reverse.

I was 100%+ sure when I went for sterilisation, I had 1 child that I had a very difficult labour with and did not want any more children. I hope my story helps anyone looking for advice or stops anyone who isn't 100% sure from making a mistake.

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Aspect Emp said on 11 November 2014

I had a traditional sterlisation procedure in 2013. It was all fine. My choice was limited due to other medical conditions but the team were able to answer all my questions and put my mind at ease. Although it is classes as major surgery it is really simple and quick and I had only a light general anaesthetic. Recovery time was short and I have had no concerns with the operation or my decision. I had no side effects and enjoy the freedom I now have. I am worry free.

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Tyresa Smith said on 29 October 2014

I had essure treatment 6 months ago. It was easy, quick and painless. I am so happy with the procedure and the process. The risks are very small and much smaller than other common medical procedures. Just because it is new does not mean it is not safe. It is better than older methods of sterlisation. I am glad medicine moves forward as knowledge increases. Essure was great for me.

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pc_sbw said on 25 October 2014

3 1/2 months after having the essure procedure i am posting to urge ladies to please, please, please do your research. this procedure is relatively new in the uk but has been used in usa for over 10 years and there are thousands of women who have developed problems with a large percentage of these having to have hysterectomies. i wish i had known about this before having the procedure, i only found out as i googled 'side effects and after effects of hysteroscopic sterilisation' after the hospital where i had it done told me they had not heard of any other women having the same problems as me after the procedure.

pc 25.10.2014

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Light Both said on 01 October 2014

I was sterilised in 2013 a year after the birth of my second child. I do not understand the fuss. Although people say it is a major operation it never felt like it to me. It was quick and simple. My recovery was the same day. I feel free from the threat of unplanned pregnancy. I had no complications. I was treated really well by the hospital team and was spoiled by my husband. I would definitely recommend it for those who are sure they do not want another pregnancy.

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abbi1987 said on 25 September 2014

Thankyou Ladies for all of your feedback. Ive decided I will not be asking for sterilization simply because I am one of those people who suffer when my body has been altered in some way and I dont want to take the risk. I think I would rather deal with this horrid mirena coil which give me minor side effects compared to the side effects from sterilization (those that suffer).

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BrunCHT said on 28 August 2014

I had my Essure Confirmation Test - hysterosalpingogram (“HSG”) about six months ago. It is easy and nothing like the infertility HSG (which is longer and more involved)

I did not feel a thing. They do not dilute the cervix. It was over very quickly and I had no issues afterwards. The nurses were lovely and it was very calm. No pain. They took six images I think to confirm everything was fine from many angles although you do not need to move around.

Since my test I have also read there is some doubt as to whether it is needed. It just seems to be something they do to be absolutely sure.

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pc_sbw said on 25 August 2014

i previously post on 11.07.2014 after having the essure procedure on 07.07.2014.

can i ask if anyone has had the hsg yet and if so what was the procedure like and what were the after effects like?

i am considering not bothering having the hsg. i have bought a load of pregnancy tests and am just going to do one a month for the next few months.

also, has anyone else suffered with the worst periods ever since having the procedure? i have had 2 since my microinserts were fitted and i have never experienced anything so awful - the longest, heaviest, most painful periods of my entire life and i've been having them for 34 years! also felt sick and dizzy with them, i even did a pregnancy test to make sure i wasn't having an ectopic pregnancy i was in that much pain and bleeding so much!

pc 25.08.2014

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jax36 said on 23 July 2014

I discussed sterilization with my doctor last month and today received a letter from the hospital an appointment has been made for me to have a hysteroscopy? Why is this? The letter doesn't really make much sense.

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P0ttsville said on 18 July 2014

I too had the Essure procedure for permanent birth control, and a week before pc_sbw in July 2014.

It was brilliant. No general anaesthesia was required. I could even eat and drink normally beforehand. I was home in less than 2 hours from the procedure. A few cramps during the procedure but not worse than any period pains.

I have no scars. No cuts are required.

I just need to wait 3 months for a follow up x-ray - but I might just chance it to be effective now anyway as the method feels very secure and reliable.

No problems and quicker than a vasectomy.

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pc_sbw said on 11 July 2014

I had the essure microinsert sterilisation on 07.07.2014.

The gp referral went through quickly and I was seen within 2 weeks and given my procedure appointment date for 6 weeks after this.

If you decide to have this procedure and are given an appointment when you are due a period, ring and change your appointment to save yours and the hospitals time as I had to have my original procedure abandoned due to being on my period. I did receive another appointment quite quickly but it was disappointing to have gone through most of the procedure only to be told it couldn't be completed.

The procedure took 10 - 15 minutes with only mild discomfort. I went home the same day and managed my pain with paracetamol - the pains were similar to mild period pain and only lasted for 3 - 4 days.

I have to go back for an x-ray and scan to make sure my fallopian tubes are blocked.

PC, 11.07.2014

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Marshmallow Ma said on 06 July 2014

Brilliant choice to be sterilised after completing our family at the age of 30. My GP was very understanding and made a quick referral to the local hospital.

It took a few weeks for the consultation appointment but my date for this small operation came through quickly after that. The staff took time to explain the operation and recovery. They gave me all the information I needed. The operation went well and I was surprised how quickly I recovered.

It really did not cause me any trouble and it has been brilliant not to worry about accidental pregnancy. My partner loves our choice also. It was the right decision for us, and given the complications of vasectomy seemed the best choice all round. The risks are explained and they are very rare.

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HayleyWills said on 17 June 2014

If you are thinking of being sterilised read the list of side affects first, extremely painful periods that have no pattern, and are very heavy, so much so you will barely move let alone leave the house, memory loss -I was 28 and was sent to an Alzheimer's clinic, abdominal pain that sends shooting pains down your legs, anxiety, depression, mood swings-husband was convinced I was bipolar, bloating, weight gain, insomnia, night sweats/flushes, irritability, loss of libido, aching/sore joints/muscles, migraines, dizziness/light headed/fainting, facial tingling, muscle spasms/arms and legs, pain and bleeding after sex, acne/allergy to my sweat/hair, I'm sure there's more but again it's a memory thing, I'm sure taking 1 pill a day to stop pregnancy rather than the 25+ I take to counteract all the symptoms!!

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lorryloomagoo said on 15 June 2014

Worst decision of my life. I am 28 with 3 kids during my last c section it was decided I would be sterilised as our family was now complete and I struggled to get a pill to suit me I also didnt like the coil.
Since my operation I have been extreamly ill. I have awful periods with flooding and severe pain. My body aches, hot flushes and night sweats, tinnitus, dizzyness, brain fog, anxiety and panic attacks the list is never ending and before the op I never had any issues. This has impacted my life and my family's. I am now opting for a reversal which I have to pay for privately. Lots of ladies are suffering with ptls and reversals have seen that 90% of these ladies have found relief. If I had known about this before the procedure I would never ever have done it.

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Lily Flake said on 15 June 2014

Being sterilised was the best the decision we made. After two children and at the age of 33 my husband advised that he did not want any more children and I agreed. He was not prepared to risk the complications of a vasectomy due the the problems of long term pain and therefore I offered to be operated on.

I declined counselling although I felt pressured to accept it from my GP conversation. I had to strongly advise him that we had discussed the decision as a couple and therefore did not require further time to consider the decision.

The operation went very well. I felt well the following day after the operation and took things easy for two or three days. I had clips with no problems or after effects. I feel a great freedom. My stitches were mainly dissolvable. I took out the others myself to avoid a trip to the surgery.

My husband also loves the freedom offered and is glad of the decision we came to. No regrets.

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User163674 said on 03 June 2014

I was sterilized four years ago and it was the worst mistake I've ever made in my life. I suffer with post tubal ligation syndrome which is caused by a drop in progesterone. I have had bad hormone problems, pain during and after sex, a huge drop in sex drive, hot flushes, hairloss, constipation, bladder pain, bacterial vaginosis recurrent, anxiety, panic attacks feelings of doom the list goes on. It made my life miserable and the medic profession do not understand or listen. Mysteriously lots of women who get sterilized develop endometriosis and fibroids cysts etc. I have spoken to thousands of women in groups on Facebook suffering the same. I'm not saying everyone suffers but it's interesting how many women after bbeing sterilized have to go on to have a hysterectomy. I have borrowed 4k and am getting a reversal this week. The symptoms on the women who have this done stop. Some women are In their 20s And 30s. There is a UK support group on Facebook. Please seriously read about ptls before you take the plunge. Lots of these women are now on heavy painkillers years on and anti depressants or given the contraceptive pill to balance their hormones. If your partner can get a vasectomy (which mine now is) or you can work out another plan please think carefully. It truly did ruin my sex drive and my life, the tummy pain is awful.

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mandyhunter said on 27 May 2014

I was sterilised at age 38 in 2002. I still suffer from Post Tubal Ligation Syndrome 11 years on.
Over the years I have spoken to many women who have been sterilised and most of them have had some long term side effects. I have also spoken to many women who have had reversals and they have all found it beneficial.

Did sterilisation affect my hormone levels?
I got my hormone levels tested about 6 months after being sterilised. They showed I wasnt ovulating. Prior to being sterilised I had normal, light periods.
I started having menopausal symptoms almost instantly after being sterilised. The heavy periods with flooding, fingernails breaking, aching joints, brain fog, hot flushes,severe abdominal pain, etc all indicate that my hormone levels were altered by the operation. I have been having menopausal symptoms ever since the operation and am still having them 11 years later.

Did sterilisation affect my sex drive?
My libido and desire for sex were very much affected, as was my natural lubrication and the intensity of and my ability to orgasm. Loss of libido, loss of sensation, lubrication problems and pain after sex are very common among the women I have spoken to.

Did sterilisation affect my weight?
I was always around a normal weight even though I had had 5 children. Within a year of being sterilised my weight increased dramatically and no matter what I do I cant get it to reduce

I thought I would avoid hormonal problems like I had on the pill by being sterilised, but they are much worse and the only way to sort it permanently, is a £4000 operation I cant afford. Think very carefully and do a lot of your own research before getting this operation. Google Post Tubal Ligation Syndrome and judge for yourself.

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MegJacob said on 22 May 2014

I had a sterilization after my 4th child in Jan 2013. Suffered from Post Tubal Ligation Syndrome. Could not have sex due to pain. Ended up paying £4000 for a tubal reversal in February 2014. If you don't already know Ovarian Failure is a risk - they list it as damage to other organs. Oh yes and they say you will still have periods - don't mention they could be irregular and very painful. Unable to ovulate = hormone imbalance. While it works out ok for most women if you are in the minority don't expect much help. Even if you have no immediate effects you will menopause earlier than if you had no sterilization (another fact they omit).

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Lynn12 said on 16 March 2014

I was sterilised (laparoscopy/clips method) 30 years ago and have had nothing but severe sharp stabbing pains since, mainly in my right side of abdomen. I have been back for laparoscopies twice but have only been told the clips are in place, there are no adhesions, and everything is ok as far as they are concerned!! However, I never had these pains before, and I have lived on Ponstan (mefenamic acid) or other strong painkillers ever since. Also suffered heavier, more prolonged periods after having the op. Even though my periods have stopped, the pain carries on.
I have seen on other forums, I am not alone in this, although for years without a computer, I thought I was alone. I am amazed and horrified this operation is still being carried out on unsuspecting women and I bitterly regret having it done - I was never warned of possible side-effects. After all, these clips are foreign bodies in your abdomen.
My advice would be to stay away from unnecessary surgery , I have told my daughters never to have it done, it could ruin your life. Avoid at all costs..

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jmarie24 said on 15 March 2014

Hi I'm 24 years old going on 25 this summer. I have 4 beautiful children (aged between 6 and 5 months), I myself was unsure whether or not to get the sterilisation done. Many people told mee not to go ahead with as I was still so young. Having said that as young as I may be, 4 boisterous little boys is a lot of hard work and even though we remain great friends their father and I have split up which confirmed to me that going ahead with sterilisation was the right choice. After I had last little boy in October 2013 I got the procedure done and I am so glad I made that choice. If you're afraid that you'll change your mind later on I'd suggest you go for the clips on the tubes rather than go for full removal or getting them cut as both of these options are 100% non reversible. Don't let anyone medical or professional or not sway your choice as you and only you know what's right for you. Saying that make sure you look at your life now, how you see your future and you know in your heart it's what you want. I wish all of you the best of luck for the future.xx

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dcu90 said on 19 February 2014

Hi, I am 23 going on 24, I have 2 children and thats all I want. But I am petrified about getting pregnant again and its making me not want intercourse with my partner, im scared contraception will fail! Would I be able to be steralized? I have done alot of research and it is certainly what I want but I have also read it wont be done untill I am 30, and im afraid my partner will leave me before I am 30 if it continues. I have never been so sure of something in my life, I dont wish to have any more children at all, we have our perfect family, and even if (heaven forbid) we split, I still wouldnt want anymore children, as much as I love my 2, I hated pregnancy! Any help or information from anyone in similar situation?

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confused2013 said on 18 January 2014

I was sterilised in nov last year and chose the surgical method as opposed to esure as I was adviced due to me having previously heavy periods I could have some further treatment should this be the case in the future if I opted for this method. For the past 6 months I have had the depo which always stops my periods yet since nov (since the op) I have bled continuously, there has been no pain so it is merely a draining inconvenience but it is something had I known about I would never have opted for the sterilisation in the first place

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bemused26 said on 15 January 2014

I just had hysteroscopic sterilisation (Essure) done last week. I am 31, in a committed (9 yr) relationship and have no children. I had a termination at 19 and do not want to have to do that again. I have never wanted children and am 100% sure that will never change. My partner has 2 grown up children and never seemed to get round to talking to the doctor about vasectomy... I didn't mind though. I wanted this to be my responsibility and my choice. I'd hate for him to have complications as I would feel it was my fault.

I asked my doctor on many occasions about sterilisation but was always brushed aside. Finally he took me seriously. I have had enough of taking pills and other forms of contraception and have been on birth control for 16 years. It saps my sex drive amongst other side effects that I no longer care for!

I had the procedure under general anaesthetic and was in and out of hospital within 4.5 hours. Everything went well and I'm hoping it will be effective when I go back for the check up in 3 months.

My period started a couple of days after so I am unsure of what was caused by the procedure... But, it is still slightly happening now which is longer than usual so I am putting it down to the op.

My tummy ached and felt bloated for about 1 week. I had cramp like pains for 3 days. Obviously the general made me iffy too for a few hours along with the Tramadol I was given!!

I am so pleased I was given the opportunity to have this done I feel a huge weight has been lifted and I am so excited to be given the all clear and come off these pills. Only downside is I will still get periods :(

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Santaella said on 04 October 2013

Taking full control of my fertility was the best decision I ever made and I have had no regrets. After two children, three long term relationships, and one near miss pregnancy I was relieved once the simple operation was over and I know I will have no more children. I have increased confidence in relationships.

The operation was straight forward, and the nursing and surgical team were very good, I had no complications and was back to full health and fitness within a few short days.

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Kirkuk said on 15 August 2013

I had it done in 2009 it's the worst thing I've had done I was 23 at the time and was told by the doctor whilst in the process of having an emergency c-section that it was my best option as I would not be able to carry another child to term which since I have found out is not true so I believed them as of course they're a doctor they no best and I was more worried about my child born ten weeks early anyway I have had nothing but pain long heavy periods being diagnosed with endometriosis have been on all kinds of meds and had an op still to no avail I even went to my gp to see if I could have it reversed and they informed me I could I went to my gynaecologist today and have now been told under no circumstances do they do it on the nhs but its all down to them that it has been done and as for no changes in hormone levels or sex drive and the pain u can have during sex is unreal as well but they don't tell u any of this on here or when u see the doctor before hand so please thing long and hard about it xx

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Claire83Bear said on 01 August 2013

I'm waiting on the date for mine. As a 30 year old single non mother, it wasn't the original option for the doctors with me. Unfortunately with how ill I am, it convinced them it would be for the best. I'm not worried as never wanted kids, but nervous about the operation in general. Glad to see recovery time is short and the operation itself seems reasonably simple.

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nogeissu said on 27 April 2013

I had my surgery 7 weeks ago with A laparoscopy and clips. It was an easy decision as my husband was unable to commit himself to a vasectomy and has been very supportive. I did feel a little strange after the general anaesthetic but this passed quickly and the healing was very simple. I was back to normal within a couple of days and the wound is almost invisible now.

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