Symptoms of scarlet fever
Symptoms of scarlet fever generally take two to five days to appear after infection.
The illness often starts with a sore throat, headache and a high temperature (fever), with a rash developing 12 to 48 hours later.
Red blotches are the first sign of the rash. These turn into a fine pink-red rash that feels like sandpaper to touch and looks like sunburn.
The rash usually starts in one place, but soon spreads to other parts of the body. It commonly affects the ears, neck, chest, elbows, inner thighs and groin, and may be itchy.
It does not normally spread to the face. However, the cheeks become flushed and the area just around the mouth stays quite pale. The rash will turn white if you press a glass on it.
The rash usually fades after about a week, but the outer layers of skin, usually on the hands and feet, may peel for several weeks afterwards.
In milder cases, sometimes called scarlatina, the rash may be the only symptom.
Other symptoms may include:
- swollen neck glands
- loss of appetite
- nausea or vomiting
- red lines in the folds of the body, such as the armpit, which may last a couple of days after the rash has gone
- a white coating on the tongue, which peels a few days later leaving the tongue red and swollen (this is known as strawberry tongue)
- a general feeling of being unwell
When to seek medical advice
See your GP as soon as possible if you suspect you or your child has scarlet fever.
Chickenpox and scarlet fever
If your child has chickenpox and develops a rash that looks like scarlet fever, it may be a sign of a secondary bacterial infection.
In these cases, you should seek immediate medical advice to reduce the risk of potentially serious complications.
Page last reviewed: 28/03/2013
Next review due: 28/03/2015