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Drinking less caffeine, altering how much fluid you drink each day, and losing weight if you need to
Exercising the pelvic floor muscles, which surround the bladder and control the flow of urine
Learning techniques to increase the length of time between feeling the need to urinate and passing urine
Products and devices such as absorbent products and hand-held urinals
Medication that can increase the muscle tone of the urethra, which can help keep it closed (the urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body)
Medication, such as oxybutynin tablets, that affects the detrusor muscles in the wall of the bladder
Medication that causes the bladder muscle to relax, which helps the bladder fill up with and store urine
Medication that reduces the amount of urine you produce
Surgery and procedures
Surgery where a piece of artificial tape is inserted to support the urethra (tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body)
Surgery where the neck of the bladder is lifted upwards and stitched in place.
Surgery where a sling is inserted around the neck of the bladder to support it
Substances injected into the walls of the urethra to increase its size and allow it to stay closed with more force
Surgery to fit an artificial sphincter (the ring of muscle that keeps urine in the bladder)
Injections of botulinum toxin A into the side of the bladder
Surgery where a device is inserted near the sacral nerves at the base of your back and an electric current is passed through the device to affect the other nerves in this area
Where an electric current is passed through a needle in the posterior tibial nerve in the ankle, which stimulates the nerves around the bladder and pelvic floor
Surgery where the bladder is made larger by adding a piece of tissue from the bowel
Surgery where the tubes from the kidneys (ureters) are redirected to the outside of the body so urine is collected without flowing to the bladder first
A catheter is inserted through your urethra and into your bladder to empty your bladder when you go to the toilet
As above but the catheter is left in place with a bag attached to collect the urine
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Page last reviewed: 06/10/2014
Next review due: 06/10/2016
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