Low blood pressure (hypotension) 

Introduction 

Low blood pressure is usually regarded as a blood pressure reading under 90/60 

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Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is where blood pressure in your arteries is abnormally low.

Naturally low blood pressure is unlikely to cause any symptoms and is normally nothing to worry about. However, if your blood pressure drops too low, it can restrict the amount of blood flowing to your brain and other vital organs, which can cause, unsteadiness, dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting.

Read more about the symptoms of low blood pressure.

See your GP if you experience any symptoms of low blood pressure and are concerned. 

All adults should have their blood pressure checked at least every five years. If you haven't had yours measured or don't know what your reading is, ask your GP to check it.

What is low blood pressure?

The heart pumps a constant supply of blood around the body through arteries, veins and capillaries. Blood pressure is a measure of the force of the blood on the walls of the arteries as the blood flows through them.

It is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) and recorded as two measurements:

  • systolic pressure - the pressure when your heart beats and squeezes blood into your arteries
  • diastolic pressure - the pressure when your heart rests between beats 

For example, if your systolic blood pressure is 120 mmHg and your diastolic blood pressure is 80 mmHg, your blood pressure is 120 over 80, which is commonly written as 120/80.

Normal blood pressure is between 90/60 and 140/90. If you have a reading of 140/90 or more, you have high blood pressure (hypertension), which puts you at greater risk of developing serious health conditions, such as heart attack or stroke.

People with a blood pressure reading under 90/60 are usually regarded as having low blood pressure.

Read more about diagnosing low blood pressure.

Why do I have low blood pressure?

You can have low blood pressure for many reasons, including the time of day, your age, the temperature, any medication you may be on, an injury and some illnesses.

Read more about the causes of low blood pressure.

Treatment and self-help

Naturally low blood pressure does not usually need to be treated unless it is causing symptoms such as dizziness or recurrent falls. If it is causing symptoms, your GP will look at what the cause might be in case it can be treated.

There are also various things you can do to help limit symptoms of low blood pressure, including:

  • standing up gradually and avoiding standing for long periods of time
  • ensuring you are well hydrated
  • wearing support stockings 
  • avoiding caffeine at night and limiting your alcohol intake
  • eating more salt in your diet
  • eating smaller meals, more often

Read more about treating low blood pressure.

Page last reviewed: 18/07/2013

Next review due: 18/07/2015

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The 4 comments posted are personal views. Any information they give has not been checked and may not be accurate.

teresam19 said on 05 March 2014

I have a thyroid problem, irregular heartbeat and was diagnosed with low blood pressure a few years ago. Recently, I have been unable to work for long spells (previously power-walked the London Marathon) and no stranger to long 2 hour walks. Now, I can barely put one foot in front of the other and have to sit down most of the time. I did faint on a bus once but luckily a woman was beside to stop me falling and injuring myself.
I wish there was a way of diagnosing low blood pressure without going to the doctor.
I have been fearful of going out sometimes in case I faint and get injured.

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Canook said on 02 October 2011

I had cervical spine surgery with two level fusion at C5 & C6. Before surgery I was experiencing decreased mobility and weakness on my r side arm, hand leg & foot. I also had numerous falls which may have been due to spinal cord compression. Since the surgery my mobility is improving but I am still falling & have increasing balance issues as well as a slight hesitancy in my speech at times. My neurologist says that according to my MRI there isn't anything abnormal showing in the brain. What could be going on? The physio-therapist said falls & dizziness are not typical symptoms of spinal cord injury.

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lilabet said on 05 May 2010

I walk with a rambling club and often feel dizzy if I climb a steep hill unless I take it very slowly. I have always had low blood pressure but had my lowest reading ever recently at 89/53. Should I see my doctor about this?

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arundale said on 28 February 2010

My wife always has had low blood pressure ie 90/60 or even lower. She did faint recently while also suffering from a viral cold. Never happened before but I be glad to know what she can do to raise the pressure a bit - and whether that would be a good thing. No useful advise from the doctor so far.

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